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Age, Affective Experience, and Television Use

  • Colin A. Depp
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to: Colin A. Depp, PhD, Sam and Rose Stein Institute for Research on Aging, Advanced Center for Innovations in Services and Interventions Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0664, La Jolla CA 92093-0664
    Affiliations
    Stein Institute for Research on Aging, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California
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  • David A. Schkade
    Affiliations
    Rady School of Management, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California
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  • Wesley K. Thompson
    Affiliations
    Stein Institute for Research on Aging, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California

    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California
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  • Dilip V. Jeste
    Affiliations
    Stein Institute for Research on Aging, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California

    Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California
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      Background

      The reasons for the reportedly high levels of TV watching among older adults despite its potential negative health consequences are not known.

      Purpose

      To investigate age differences in time use and affective experience in TV use in a nationally representative sample.

      Methods

      Using an innovative assessment of affective experience in a nationally representative sample, several putative reasons were examined for age-related increases in TV use. A sample of 3982 Americans aged 15–98 years who were assessed using a variant of the Day Reconstruction Method, a survey method for measuring how people experience their lives, was analyzed. To understand age increases in TV use, analyses examined whether older people (1) enjoy TV more; (2) watch TV because it is less stressful than alternatives; or whether (3) TV use was related to age differences in demographics, being alone, or life satisfaction. Data were collected in 2006 and analyzed in 2008–2009.

      Results

      Adults aged >65 years spent threefold more waking time watching TV than young adults. Despite this trend, older people enjoyed TV less, in contrast to stable enjoyment with other leisure activities. Older adults did not seem to experience the same stress-buffering effects of watching TV as did young and middle-aged adults. This negative age-associated trend in how TV was experienced was not accounted for by demographic factors or in time spent alone. Greater TV use, but not time spent in other leisure activities, was related to lower life satisfaction.

      Conclusions

      Older adults watch more TV but enjoy it less than younger people. Awareness of this discrepancy could be useful for those developing interventions to promote reduced sedentary behaviors in older adults.
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