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Beyond the Individual Level

Novel Approaches and Considerations for Multilevel Adolescent Dating Violence Prevention
      Adolescent dating violence (ADV), which is also referred to as teen dating violence and dating aggression, is physical, sexual, or psychological/emotional violence within a dating relationship, as well as stalking; it can occur in person or electronically and may occur between current or former dating partners.
      CDC
      ADV has emerged as a serious public health problem, and its prevention has become a leading priority in the U.S. Each year, approximately 10% and 20% of high school–attending boys and girls, respectively, are physically or sexually assaulted by a romantic partner.

      Vagi K, Olsen EO, Basile K, Vivolo-Kantor A. Teen dating violence (physical and sexual) among U.S. high school students: findings from the 2013 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(5):474-482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3577.

      Estimates of psychological dating aggression vary; recent, nationally representative data suggest that as many as 30% of youth are verbally or emotionally assaulted by a partner at some point during adolescence.
      • Halpern C.T.
      • Oslak S.G.
      • Young M.L.
      • Martin S.L.
      • Kupper L.L.
      Partner violence among adolescents in opposite-sex romantic relationships: findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health.
      • Halpern C.T.
      • Young M.L.
      • Waller M.W.
      • Martin S.L.
      • Kupper L.L.
      Prevalence of partner violence in same-sex romantic and sexual relationships in a national sample of adolescents.
      The sequelae of ADA victimization can be severe, long-lasting, and costly. Consequences of ADA can include injury, depression, substance use, sexually transmitted infections, unhealthy eating, and increased risk for future re-victimization and perpetration.
      • Ackard D.M.
      • Eisenberg M.E.
      • Neumark-Sztainer D.
      Long-term impact of adolescent dating violence on the behavioral and psychological health of male and female youth.
      • Banyard V.L.
      • Cross C.
      Consequences of teen dating violence: Understanding intervening variables in ecological context.
      • Coker A.L.
      • McKeown R.E.
      • Sanderson M.
      • Davis K.E.
      • Valois R.F.
      • Huebner E.S.
      Severe dating violence and quality of life among South Carolina high school students.
      • Eaton D.K.
      • Davis K.S.
      • Barrios L.
      • Brener N.D.
      • Noonan R.K.
      Associations of dating violence victimization with lifetime participation, co-occurrence, and early initiation of risk behaviors among US high school students.
      • Exner-Cortens D.
      • Eckenrode J.
      • Rothman E.
      Longitudinal associations between teen dating violence victimization and adverse health outcomes.
      • Roberts T.A.
      • Klein J.D.
      • Fisher S.
      Longitudinal effect of intimate partner abuse on high-risk behavior among adolescents.
      • Shapiro T.
      Mother of Yeardley Love urges students not to ignore signs of abusive relationships.
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      References

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        2014 teen dating violence fact sheet. 2014; (www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/teen-dating-violence-factsheet-a.pdf)
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