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Effects of a short-term health promotion intervention for a predominantly African-American group of stroke survivors

      Abstract

      Background: The study examined the effects of a 12-week health promotion intervention for a predominantly urban African-American population of stroke survivors.
      Design: A pre-test/post-test lag control group design was employed.
      Participants/Setting: Participants were 35 stroke survivors (9 male, 26 female) recruited from local area hospitals and clinics.
      Main Outcome Measures: Biomedical, fitness, nutritional, and psychosocial measures were employed to assess program outcomes.
      Results: Treatment group made significant gains over lag controls in the following areas: (1) reduced total cholesterol, (2) reduced weight, (3) increased cardiovascular fitness, (4) increased strength, (5) increased flexibility, (6) increased life satisfaction and ability to manage self-care needs, and (7) decreased social isolation.
      Conclusion: A short-term health promotion intervention for predominantly African-American stroke survivors was effective in improving several physiological and psychological health outcomes.

      Keywords

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