Acceptability of the Checkpoints Parent-Teen Driving Agreement: pilot test


      Background: Parent-teen driving agreements are potentially important tools to facilitate parental management of teen driving and reduce adolescent driving risk. The Checkpoints Parent-Teen Driving Agreement (Checkpoints P-TDA) was designed so that parents could initially impose strict limitations on teen driving in high-risk driving conditions (e.g., at night and with teen passengers) and gradually increase driving privileges over time as teens demonstrate responsible driving behavior.
      Methods: To assess the acceptability of the format and content of the Checkpoints P-TDA, it was pilot tested with a convenience sample of 47 families recruited as their teens tested for a driver’s license at five private driving schools in Connecticut. Family members were interviewed at the driving schools about potential limits on teen driving, asked to use the driving agreement, and re-interviewed within 3 months about acceptability of the driving agreement and initial driving limits placed on teens.
      Results: Most families (38 of 47) used and liked the agreement. In addition, most parents placed the recommended strict initial limits on teen driving related to driving unsupervised at night, with teen passengers, and on high-speed roads. Moreover, parents reported placing more strict limits on their teens’ driving than they originally intended.
      Conclusions: The results showed promise for the acceptability of the Checkpoints P-TDA, which will be tested statewide.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to American Journal of Preventive Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
        Young drivers traffic safety facts 1998.
        National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC1999
        • Chen L
        • Baker S.P
        • Braver E.R
        • Li G
        Carrying passengers as a risk factor for crashes fatal to 16- and 17-year-old drivers.
        JAMA. 2000; 283: 1578-1618
        • Doherty S.T
        • Andrey J.C
        • MacGregor C
        The situational risks of young drivers.
        Accid Anal Prev. 1998; 30: 45-52
        • Williams A.F
        Nighttime driving and fatal crash involvement of teenagers.
        Accid Anal Prev. 1985; 17: 1-5
        • Jonah B.A
        Accident risk and risk-taking behavior among young drivers.
        Accid Anal Prev. 1986; 18: 255-271
        • Jonah B.A
        Age differences in risky driving.
        Health Educ Res. 1990; 5: 139-149
        • Mayhew D.R
        • Simpson H.M
        New to the road. Young drivers and novice drivers. Traffic Injury Research Foundation of Canada, Ottawa1990
      1. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. U.S. licensing systems for young drivers. Available at:;laws/grad&unbar;license.htm. Accessed 4 January 2001.

        • Preusser D.F
        Delaying teenage licensure.
        Alcohol Drugs Driving. 1988; 4: 283-295
      2. Williams AF, Preusser DF. Night driving restrictions for youthful drivers. J Public Health Policy 1997(January):1–12.

        • Ferguson S.A
        • Leaf W.A
        • Williams A.F
        • Preusser D.F
        Differences in young driver crash involvement in states with varying licensure practices.
        Accid Anal Prev. 1996; 28: 171-180
        • Preusser D.F
        • Zador P.L
        • Williams A.F
        The effect of city curfew ordinances on teenager motor vehicle fatalities.
        Accid Anal Prev. 1993; 25: 641-645
        • Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
        Recommendations for an ideal graduated licensing law.
        Status Rep. 1999; 34: 6
        • Hartos J.L
        • Eitel P
        • Haynie D.L
        • Simons-Morton B
        Can I take the car? Relations among parenting practices and adolescent problem driving practices.
        J Adolesc Res. 2000; 15: 352-367
        • Beck K.H
        • Shattuck T
        • Raleigh R
        A survey of parent and teen perceptions and practices concerning Maryland’s graduated driver’s license program.
        State Highway Administration. Maryland Department of Transportation, Annapolis, MD1999
        • Kazdin A.E
        Behavior modification in applied settings. 4th ed. Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, Pacific Grove, CA1989