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Formation of Implementation Intentions Promotes Stair Use

Published:January 22, 2007DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2006.11.005
      Numerous studies have demonstrated that forming implementation intentions is effective in promoting several health-enhancing goal achievements, such as vigorous exercise
      • Milne S.
      • Orbell S.
      • Sheeran P.
      Combining motivational and volitional interventions to promote exercise participation: protection motivation theory and implementation intentions.
      and dietary change.
      • Verplanken B.
      • Faes S.
      Good intentions, bad habits, and effects of forming implementation intentions on healthy eating.
      • Armitage C.J.
      Evidence that implementation intentions reduce dietary fat intake: a randomized trial.
      However, implementation intention studies have never been applied to promote stair use, and they have rarely used objective measures of health behavior.
      • Prestwich A.
      • Lawton R.
      • Conner M.
      The use of implementation intentions and the decision balance sheet in promoting exercise behavior.
      The present study investigated whether implementation intentions are effective in stimulating stair use in a sample of 143 academic hospital employees (participants of the Netherlands Research program weight gain prevention [NHF-NRG] In-Balance project, a worksite-based weight gain prevention program; see also Kwak et al.

      Kwak L, Kremers SPJ, Werkman A, et al. The NHF-NRG In Balance-project: the application of Intervention Mapping in the development, implementation and evaluation of weight gain prevention at the worksite. Obes Rev (in press).

      ).
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      References

        • Milne S.
        • Orbell S.
        • Sheeran P.
        Combining motivational and volitional interventions to promote exercise participation: protection motivation theory and implementation intentions.
        Br J Soc Psychol. 2002; 7;: 163-184
        • Verplanken B.
        • Faes S.
        Good intentions, bad habits, and effects of forming implementation intentions on healthy eating.
        Eur J Soc Psychol. 1999; 29: 591-604
        • Armitage C.J.
        Evidence that implementation intentions reduce dietary fat intake: a randomized trial.
        Health Psychol. 2004; 23: 319-323
        • Prestwich A.
        • Lawton R.
        • Conner M.
        The use of implementation intentions and the decision balance sheet in promoting exercise behavior.
        Psychol Health. 2003; 18: 707-721
      1. Kwak L, Kremers SPJ, Werkman A, et al. The NHF-NRG In Balance-project: the application of Intervention Mapping in the development, implementation and evaluation of weight gain prevention at the worksite. Obes Rev (in press).

        • Sheeran P.
        • Orbell S.
        Using implementation intentions to increase attendance for cervical cancer screening.
        Health Psychol. 2000; 19: 283-289
        • Sheeran P.
        • Orbell S.
        Implementation intentions and repeated behavior: augmenting the predictive validity of the theory of planned behavior.
        Eur J Soc Psychol. 1999; 29: 349-369