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Blood Lipids, Blood Pressure, and BMI in Childhood and Adolescence

Background to Project HeartBeat!
      Project HeartBeat!, a population-based epidemiologic study with intensive longitudinal follow-up assessment of children and adolescents, was undertaken primarily to determine the true longitudinal course of change in two major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors—blood lipids and blood pressure—and the links of these factors with concurrent changes in indicators of body size and composition.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      • Nichaman M.Z.
      • Harrist R.B.
      • et al.
      The development of cardiovascular risk factors from age 8 to 18 in Project HeartBeat!: study design and patterns of change in plasma total cholesterol concentration.
      This brief introduction provides context for the series of papers presented in this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine,
      • Harrist R.B.
      • Dai S.
      Analytic methods in Project HeartBeat!.
      • Dai S.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Harrist R.B.
      • Grunbaum J.A.
      • Steffen L.M.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Blood lipids in children: age-related patterns and association with body-fat indices: Project HeartBeat!.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Dai S.
      • Grunbaum J.A.
      • Boerwinkle E.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Effects of apolipoprotein E genotype on blood cholesterol in adolescent girls.
      • Dai S.
      • Harrist R.B.
      • Rosenthal G.L.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Effects of body size and body fatness on left ventricular mass in children and adolescents: Project HeartBeat!.
      • Eissa M.A.
      • Wen E.
      • Mihalopoulos N.L.
      • Grunbaum J.A.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Evaluation of AAP guidelines for cholesterol screening in youth: Project HeartBeat!.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      • Dai R.S.
      • Day S.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Grunbaum J.A.
      Findings from Project HeartBeat!: their importance for CVD prevention.
      • Day R.S.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Dai S.
      • Mihalopoulos N.L.
      • Barradas D.T.
      Nutrient intake, physical activity, and CVD risk factors in children: Project HeartBeat!.
      • Steffen L.M.
      • Dai S.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Overweight in children and adolescents associated with TV viewing and parental weight: Project HeartBeat!.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Dai S.
      • Steffen L.M.
      • Grunbaum J.A.
      • Shah S.M.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Physical activity, energy intake, sedentary behavior, and adiposity in youth.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      • Dai S.
      • Day R.S.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Grunbaum J.A.
      • Shah S.M.
      • Wen E.
      Project HeartBeat!: concept, development, and design.
      • Altwaijri Y.A.
      • Day R.S.
      • Harrist R.B.
      • Dwyer J.T.
      • Ausman L.M.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Sexual maturation affects diet–blood total cholesterol association in children: Project HeartBeat!.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      • Dai S.
      • Fulton J.E.
      • Harrist R.B.
      • Shah S.M.
      • Eissa M.A.
      Systolic and fourth- and fifth-phase diastolic blood pressure from ages 8 to 18 years: Project HeartBeat!.
      • Eissa M.A.
      • Dai S.
      • Mihalopoulos N.L.
      • Day R.S.
      • Harrist R.B.
      • Labarthe D.R.
      Trajectories of fat mass index, fat free–mass index, and waist circumference in children: Project HeartBeat!.
      which describe these links in some detail.
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        Analytic methods in Project HeartBeat!.
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