Advertisement

Attack on Protections Against Air Pollution

      It is well accepted that air pollution has a deleterious impact on personal and public health. Because control and reduction of air pollution are subject to federal regulation, physicians, as advocates for patients, must help educate the Congress on its critical role in preventing the health effects of air pollution. This is particularly important given that Congress is currently debating whether to dismantle existing laws that protect the air we breathe, especially the Clean Air Act [CAA], a cornerstone of environmental health law. First passed in 1963, the CAA authorizes the federal government to reduce airborne contaminants, smog, and air pollution in general. Responsibility for the CAA was given to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) after its establishment in 1970. Since its initial passage, a number of amendments to the law have been passed—all with strong bipartisan support—to keep pace with the growing evidence base directly linking air quality to health.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to American Journal of Preventive Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Industrial Economics, Incorporated
        Expanded expert judgment assessment of the concentration response relationship between PM2.5 exposure and mortality: final report, September 21, 2006.
        • Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards Review Panel
        Review of risk assessment to support the review of the particulate matter (PM) primary national ambient air quality standards—external review draft (September 2009).
        • Friedman M.S.
        • Powell K.E.
        • Hutwagner L.
        • Graham L.M.
        • Teague W.G.
        Impact of changes in transportation and commuting behaviors during the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta on air quality and childhood asthma.
        JAMA. 2001; 285: 897-905
        • Lin W.
        • Zhu T.
        • Huang W.
        • et al.
        Acute respiratory inflammation in children and black carbon in ambient air before and during the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
        Environ Health Perspect. 2011; https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1103461
        • Clancy L.
        • Goodman P.
        • Sinclair H.
        • Dockery D.W.
        Effect of air-pollution control on death rates in Dublin, Ireland: an intervention study.
        Lancet. 2002; 360: 1210-1214
        • Avol E.L.
        • Gauderman W.J.
        • Tan S.M.
        • London S.J.
        • Peters J.M.
        Respiratory effects of relocating to areas of differing air pollution levels.
        Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001; 164: 2067-2072
        • Environmental Protection Agency
        The benefits and costs of the Clean Air Act 1990 to 2010: EPA report to Congress.
        • Ziska L.
        • Knowlton K.
        • Rogers C.
        • et al.
        Recent warming by latitude associated with increased length of ragweed pollen season in central North America.
        Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011; 108: 4248-4251
        • Beggs P.J.
        Impacts of climate change on aeroallergens: past and future [review].
        Clin Exp Allergy. 2004; 34: 1507-1513
        • Pascual M.
        • Ahumada J.A.
        • Chaves L.F.
        • Rodó X.
        • Bouma M.
        Malaria resurgence in the East African highlands: temperature trends revisited.
        Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006; 103: 5829-5834
        • Bell M.L.
        • Goldberg R.
        • Hogrefe C.
        • et al.
        Climate change, ambient ozone, and health in 50 U.S. cities.
        Climatic Change. 2007; 82: 61-76
        • Peng R.D.
        • Bobb J.F.
        • Tebaldi C.
        • McDaniel L.
        • Bell M.L.
        • Dominici F.
        Toward a quantitative estimate of future heat wave mortality under global climate change.
        Environ Health Perspect. 2011; 119: 701-706
        • Pachauri R.K.
        • Reisinger A.
        Chapter 3.3: Impacts of future climate changes.
        in: Climate change 2007: synthesis report Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC, Geneva2007: 48-49
        • Davidson K.
        • Hallberg A.
        • McCubbin D.
        • Hubbell B.
        Analysis of PM2.5 using the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP).
        J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2007; 70: 332-346
        • Epstein P.R.
        • Buonocore J.J.
        • Eckerle K.
        • et al.
        Full cost accounting for the life cycle of coal in “Ecological Economics Reviews” (Robert Costanza, Karin Limburg, Ida Kubiszewski, eds.).
        Ann NY Acad Sci. 2011; 1219: 73-98
        • Liao K.-J.
        • Tagaris E.
        • Russell A.
        • Amar P.
        • Shan H.
        • Manomaiphiboon K.
        • Woo J.-H.
        Cost analysis of impacts of climate change on regional air quality.
        J Air Waste Manage Assoc. 2010; 60: 195-203