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Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Screening Prevalence Among U.S. Women of Reproductive Age

Opportunities to Improve Screening

      Background

      Blood pressure and cholesterol screening among women of reproductive age are important for early disease detection and intervention, and because hypertension and dyslipidemia are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

      Purpose

      The objective of this study was to examine associations of sociodemographic characteristics, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and healthcare access indicators with blood pressure and cholesterol screening among women of reproductive age.

      Methods

      In 2011, prevalence estimates for self-reported blood pressure screening within 2 years and cholesterol screening within 5 years and AORs for screenings were calculated for 4837 women aged 20–44 years, using weighted 2008 National Health Interview Survey data.

      Results

      Overall, recommended blood pressure and cholesterol screening was received by 89.6% and 63.3% women, respectively. Those who were underinsured or uninsured had the lowest screening percentage at 76.6% for blood pressure (95% CI=73.4, 79.6) and 47.6% for cholesterol (95% CI=43.8, 51.5) screening. Suboptimal cholesterol screening prevalence was also found for women who smoke (54.5%, 95% CI=50.8, 58.2); obese women (69.8%, 95% CI=66.3, 73.0); and those with cardiovascular disease (70.3%, 95% CI=63.7, 76.1), prediabetes (73.3%, 95% CI= 64.1, 80.8), or hypertension (81.4%, 95% CI=76.6, 85.4).

      Conclusions

      Most women received blood pressure screening, but many did not receive cholesterol screening. Universal healthcare access may improve screening prevalence.
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