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Education Programs Are Likely to Improve Health, but Will They Improve Health Equity?

      Education is a strong predictor of health and longevity: the higher a person’s level of education, the greater the likelihood of a long and healthy life. This is true in the U.S. as well as in other parts of the world.
      • Mackenbach J.P.
      • Stirbu I.
      • Roskam A.J.
      • et al.
      Socioeconomic inequalities in health in 22 European countries.
      The association is stronger in some countries than in others—for example, in the U.S. than in most Western European countries,

      Van Hedel K, Avendano M, Berkman LF, et al. The contribution of national disparities to international differences in mortality between the United States and 7 European countries. Am J Public Health. In press.

      perhaps because of greater economic returns to schooling in the U.S.
      • Trostel P.
      • Walker I.
      • Woolley P.
      Estimates of the economic return to schooling for 28 countries.
      —but it is otherwise remarkably consistent across time and place.
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