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- Trends in energy intake among U.S. children by eating location and food source, 1977-2006.J Am Diet Assoc. 2011; 111: 1156-1164https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2011.05.007
National Center for Health Statistics. Caloric intake from fast-food among children and adolescents in the United States, 2011–2012. www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db213.pdf. Published September 2015. Accessed October 21, 2015.
- Where are kids getting their empty calories? Stores, schools, and fast-food restaurants each played an important role in empty calorie intake among U.S. children during 2009–2010.J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014; 114: 908-917https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2013.08.012
- Fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption among children and adolescents: effect on energy, beverage, and nutrient intake.JAMA Pediatr. 2013; 167: 14-20https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.417
National Restaurant Association. Kids LiveWell website. www.restaurant.org/Industry-Impact/Food-Healthy-Living/Kids-LiveWell/About. Accessed October 15, 2015.
Nutrition journey 2013 progress report. Boston, MA: McDonald’s USA. http://news.mcdonalds.com/getattachment/06344ba3-94c0-4171-90ad-35f304142151. Published September 2013. Accessed October 15, 2015.
Center for Science in the Public Interest. Wendy’s removes soda from kids’ meals. http://cspinet.org/new/201501152.html. Published January 15, 2015. Accessed October 21, 2015.
Forbes. Burger King removes soda from kids menus. http://fortune.com/video/2015/03/10/burger-king-removes-soda-from-kids-menu/. Published March 10, 2015. Accessed October 21, 2015.
- Nutrient quality of fast-food kids meals.Am J Clin Nutr. 2008; 88: 1388-1395
- Fast-food menu offerings vary in dietary quality, but are consistently poor.Public Health Nutr. 2014; 17: 924-931https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012005563
- Assessing the availability of healthier children’s meals at leading quick-service and full-service restaurants.J Nutr Educ Behav. 2016; 48: 242-249https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2016.01.004
- Comparison of nutrient content of children’s menu items at U.S. restaurant chains, 2010–2014.Nutr J. 2015; 14: 80https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-015-0066-4
Nation’s Restaurant News. Nation’s Restaurant News top 200. http://nrn.com/nrn-top-200. Published June 26, 2012. Accessed September 20, 2016.
- Calorie changes in chain restaurant menu items: implications for obesity and evaluations of menu labeling.Am J Prev Med. 2015; 48: 70-75https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.08.026
- Calorie changes in large chain restaurants: declines in new menu items but room for improvement.Am J Prev Med. 2016; 50: e1-e8https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2015.05.007
- Restaurants with calories displayed on menus had lower calorie counts compared to restaurants without such labels.Health Aff (Millwood). 2015; 34: 1877-1884https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0512
New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene. MenuStat methods. http://menustat.org/methods-for-researchers/. Published January 2016. Accessed February 2016.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, National Agricultural Library. National nutrient database for standard reference. http://ndb.nal.usda.gov/. Published November 2015. Accessed February 2016.
- Bootstrap methods: another look at the jackknife.Ann Statist. 1979; 7: 1-26https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1176344552
- Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way Towards Healthier Youth.The National Academies Press, Washington, DC2007www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2007/Nutrition-Standards-for-Foods-in-Schools-Leading-the-Way-toward-Healthier-Youth/factsheet.pdf(Accessed June 29, 2016)
CDC. The CDC guide to strategies for reducing the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. www.cdph.ca.gov/SiteCollectionDocuments/StratstoReduce_Sugar_Sweetened_Bevs.pdf. Published March 2010. Accessed June 29, 2016.
- Student receptivity to new school meal offerings: assessing fruit and vegetable waste among middle school students in the Los Angeles Unified School District.Prev Med. 2015; 67: S28-S33
- Assessment of a districtwide policy on availability of competitive beverages in Boston Public Schools, Massachusetts, 2013.Prev Chronic Dis. 2016; 13: E32https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd13.150483
- Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. 7th ed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DCDecember 2010
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, Medicine. Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes: water, potassium, sodium, chloride, and sulfate. https://iom.nationalacademies.org/Reports/2004/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-Water-Potassium-Sodium-Chloride-and-Sulfate.aspx. Published February 2004. Accessed April 9, 2016.
Center for Science in the Public Interest. Kids’ meals: obesity on the menu. https://cspinet.org/new/pdf/cspi-kids-meals-2013.pdf. Published 2013. Accessed October 24, 2015.
- Changes in children’s meal orders following healthy menu modifications at a regional U.S. restaurant chain.Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015; 23: 1055-1062https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21061
Alliance for a Healthier Generation. McDonald’s and Alliance for a Healthier Generation announce progress on commitment to promote balanced food and beverage choices. www.healthiergeneration.org/news__events/2015/06/25/1283/mcdonalds_and_alliance_for_a_healthier_generation_announce_progress_on_commitment_to_promote_balanced_food_and_beverage_choices. Published June 25, 2015. Accessed February 12, 2015.