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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Alcohol-impaired driving. http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/812102.pdf. Published 2014. Accessed March 9, 2016.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Statistical analysis of alcohol-related driving trends, 1982-2005. http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/30000/30200/30206/810942.pdf. Published 2008. Accessed March 9, 2016.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2020 report; People saving people: “on the road to a healthier future.” www.nhtsa.gov/nhtsa/whatis/planning/2020Report/2020report.html. Published 1997. Accessed March 9, 2016.
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- Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving.Am J Prev Med. 2001; 21: 66-88https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(01)00381-6
Alcohol Policy Information System. Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limits: youth (underage operators of noncommercial motor vehicles). http://alcoholpolicy.niaaa.nih.gov/Blood_Alcohol_Concentration_Limits_Youth_Underage_Operators_of_Noncommercial_Motor_Vehicles.html. Published 2016. Accessed March 21, 2016.
Alcohol Policy Information System. Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limits: adult operators of noncommercial motor vehicles. http://alcoholpolicy.niaaa.nih.gov/Blood_Alcohol_Concentration_Limits_Adult_Operators_of_Noncommercial_Motor_Vehicles.html?tab=specificDate&date=1/1/2015&dateStart=1/1/2015&dateEnd=1/1/2015&onlyChanges=False. Published 2016. Accessed March 21, 2016.
- Effects of drivers’ license suspension policies on alcohol‐related crash involvement: long‐term follow‐up in forty‐six states.Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2007; 31: 1399-1406https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2007.00441.x
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- Effects of administrative license revocation on employment.Accid Anal Prev. 1997; 29: 595-611https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(97)00012-2
- Evaluation of state ignition interlock programs: interlock use analyses from 28 states, 2006-2011.U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC2015 (Report No.: DOT HS 812 145)
United States Department of Transportation. Minimum penalties for repeat offenders for DWI or DUI. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/Tea21/factsheets/n_164.htm. Accessed December 19, 2016.
- Effects of ignition interlock license restrictions on drivers with multiple alcohol offenses: a randomized trial in Maryland.Am J Pub Health. 1999; 89: 1696-1700https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.89.11.1696
- Alcohol ignition interlock programmes for reducing drink driving recidivism.Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004; : 4https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd004168.pub2
- Effectiveness of ignition interlocks for preventing alcohol-impaired driving and alcohol-related crashes: a Community Guide systematic review.Am J Prev Med. 2011; 40: 362-376https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2010.11.012
- Interlocks for first offenders: effective?.Traffic Inj Prev. 2007; 8: 346-352https://doi.org/10.1080/15389580701598559
- Cost-benefit analysis of an alcohol ignition interlock for installation in all newly registered vehicles.Traffic Inj Prev. 2009; 10: 528-537https://doi.org/10.1080/15389580903173706
- Effectiveness of ignition interlock devices in reducing drunk driving recidivism.Am J Prev Med. 1999; 16: 81-87https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(98)00117-2
- Evaluation of state ignition interlock programs: interlock use analyses from 28 states, 2006-2011.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; and Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Washington, DC2015 (Report No.: DOT HS 812 145)
- Primary and secondary prevention of drink driving by the use of alcolock device and program: Swedish experiences.Accident Anal Prev. 2005; 37: 1145-1152https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2005.06.020
- An evaluation of the effectiveness of ignition interlock in California.California Department of Motor Vehicles, Research and Development Section, Sacramento, CA2004
- The Quebec alcohol ignition interlock program: impact on recidivism and crashes.Paper presented: at Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety, Montréal. 2002;
- A difference-in-difference analysis of the impact of state ignition interlock laws on alcohol-involved crash deaths.Am J Public Health. 2016; 106: 865-871https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303058
- Research Note: DWI recidivism in the United States: an examination of state-level driver data and the effect of look-back periods on recidivism prevalence.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC2014 (Report No.: DOT HS 811 911)
- Drinking and driving trips, stops by the police, and arrests: Analyses of the 1995 National Survey of Drinking and Driving Attitudes and Behavior.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2000; (Report No.: DOT HS 809 184)
- The risk of dying in alcohol-related automobile crashes among habitual drunk drivers.New Engl J Med. 1994; 331: 513-517https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199408253310806
Schulman-Laniel J, Vernick JS, McGinty EE, Frattaroli S, Rutkow L. State ignition interlock laws for alcohol impaired driving prevention: a 50 state survey and analysis. J Law Med Ethics. In Press.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). www.nhtsa.gov/Data/Fatality-Analysis-Reporting-System-(FARS). Published 2013.
- Effects of recent 0.08% legal blood alcohol limits on fatal crash involvement.Inj Prev. 2000; 6: 109-114https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.6.2.109
- Lowered legal blood alcohol limits for young drivers: effects on drinking, driving, and driving-after-drinking behaviors in 30 states.Am J Public Health. 2001; 91: 801https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.91.5.801
- Effectiveness of primary and secondary enforced seat belt laws.Am J Prev Med. 1999; 16: 30-39https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(98)00113-5
- Effects of minimum drinking age laws on alcohol use, related behaviors and traffic crash involvement among American youth: 1976-1987.J Stud Alcohol. 1991; 52: 478-491https://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1991.52.478
- Effects of minimum drinking age laws: review and analyses of the literature from 1960 to 2000.J Stud Alcohol. 2002; : 206-225https://doi.org/10.15288/jsas.2002.s14.206
- Fatal traffic crashes involving drinking drivers: what have we learned?.Ann Adv Automot Med. 2009; 53: 63-76
- Environmental influences on young adult drinking.Alcohol Res Health. 2004; 28: 230-235
- A review of drug use and driving: epidemiology, impairment, risk factors and risk perceptions.Drug Alcohol Rev. 2004; 23: 319-344https://doi.org/10.1080/09595230412331289482
- Effects of lowering the legal BAC to 0.08 on single-vehicle-nighttime fatal traffic crashes in 19 jurisdictions.Accid Anal Prev. 2004; 36: 1089-1097https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2004.04.001
- The Facts Hurt: A State-By-State Injury Prevention Policy Report.Trust for America’s Health, Washington, DC2013
- An evaluation of the implementation of ignition interlock in California.J Saf Res. 2002; 33: 473-482https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4375(02)00049-X
- Evaluation of the New Mexico Ignition Interlock Program.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC2009