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- Sodium Intake in Populations: Assessment of Evidence.The National Academies Press, Washington, DC2013https://doi.org/10.17226/18311
National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2015: With Special Feature on Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics; 2016.
U.S. DHHS, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2015−2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th ed. http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines/. Published December 2015. Accessed August 30, 2017.
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- Sodium content of popular commercially processed and restaurant foods in the United States.Prev Med Rep. 2015; 2: 962-967https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.11.003
- Fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption and daily energy and nutrient intakes in U.S. adults.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016; 70: 97-103https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2015.104
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- Changes in the energy and sodium content of main entrées in U.S. chain restaurants from 2010 to 2011.J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014; 114: 209-219https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2013.07.035
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Economic Research Service. Table 10: Food away from home as a share of food expenditures. www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-expenditures.aspx. Published 2014. Accessed March 28, 2017.
- Consumer sentiment on actions reducing sodium in processed and restaurant foods, ConsumerStyles 2010.Am J Prev Med. 2014; 46: 516-524https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2013.12.012
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- Restaurant meals: Almost a full day’s worth of calories, fats, and sodium.JAMA Intern Med. 2013; 173: 1373-1374https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6159
New York City Department of Health. National Salt Reduction Initiative. www1.nyc.gov/site/doh/health/health-topics/salt-initiative-restaurantfood.page. Accessed March 17, 2017.
- U.S. food industry progress during the national salt reduction initiative: 2009–2014.Am J Public Health. 2016; 106: 1815-1819https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303397
New York City Department of Health. National Salt Reduction Initiative Sodium Reformulation in Top U.S. Chain Restaurant Foods: 2009−2014. www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/cardio/nsri-restaurant-report-poster.pdf. Accessed March 17, 2017.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Draft Guidance for Industry: Voluntary Sodium Reduction Goals: Target Mean and Upper Bound Concentrations for Sodium in Commercially Processed, Packaged, and Prepared Foods. www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/ucm494732.htm. Published June 2016. Accessed March 28, 2017.
- Calorie changes in large chain restaurants: declines in new menu items but room for improvement.Am J Prev Med. 2016; 50: e1-e8https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2015.05.007
- Calorie changes in chain restaurant menu items: implications for obesity and evaluations of menu labeling.Am J Prev Med. 2015; 48: 70-75https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.08.026
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- Macronutrient composition of menu offerings in fast food restaurants in the U.S..Am J Prev Med. 2016; 51: e91-e97https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2016.03.023
The MenuStat Project. http://menustat.org/. Accessed June 9, 2016.
The MenuStat Project Methods. http://menustat.org/Content/assets/pdfFile/MenuStat%20Methods%20and%20Codebook.pdf. Accessed June 8, 2016.
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- Nutritional value of meals at full-service restaurant chains.J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014; 46: 75-81https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2013.10.008
- Sodium content of lunchtime fast food purchases at major U.S. chains.Arch Intern Med. 2010; 170: 732-734https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2010.72
- Monitoring the sodium content of restaurant foods: public health challenges and opportunities.Am J Public Health. 2013; 103: e21-e30https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2013.301442
- Trends in nutrient content of children’s menu items in U.S. chain restaurants.Am J Prev Med. 2017; 52: 284-291https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2016.11.007
- Comparison of the nutrient content of children’s menu items at U.S. restaurant chains, 2010–2014.Nutr J. 2015; 14: 80https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-015-0066-4
- Nutritional quality at eight U.S. fast-food chains: 14-year trends.Am J Prev Med. 2013; 44: 589-594https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2013.01.028
- Fourteen-year trends in sodium content of menu offerings at eight leading fast-food restaurants in the USA.Public Health Nutr. 2014; 17: 1682-1688https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898001300236X
- Temporal trends in fast-food restaurant energy, sodium, saturated fat, and trans fat content, United States, 1996–2013.Prev Chronic Dis. 2014; 11: E229https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd11.140202
- Consumer underestimation of sodium in fast food restaurant meals: results from a cross-sectional observational study.Appetite. 2017; 113: 155-161https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.02.028
New York City Department of Health. Sodium Warning Label for Chain Restaurants. www1.nyc.gov/site/doh/health/health-topics/national-salt-reduction-initiative.page. Accessed March 19, 2017.
- National Restaurant Association v New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2017 1140 (NY Appellate Div, 1st Dept 2017).
- Five years later: awareness of New York City’s calorie labels declined, with no changes in calories purchased.Health Affairs (Millwood). 2015; 34: 1893-1900https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2015.0623
- Who reports noticing and using calorie information posted on fast food restaurant menus?.Appetite. 2014; 81: 30-36https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.027
- Consumer awareness of fast-food calorie information in New York City after implementation of a menu labeling regulation.Am J Public Health. 2010; 100: 2520-2525https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2010.191908
- Food labeling: nutrition labeling of standard menu items in restaurants and similar retail food establishments; extension of compliance date; request for comments. 21 CFR Parts 11 and 101. Docket no. FDA-2011-F-0172.Fed Reg. 82. 2017: 20825-20829