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Addressing Eating Disorders and Body Dissatisfaction in Sexual and Gender Minority Youth

Published:December 13, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.09.011
      Despite a growing body of literature demonstrating higher prevalence of body dissatisfaction and eating disorders in sexual and gender minorities (SGMs), interventions tailored to address these problems in SGM youth are lacking.
      • Murray SB
      • Nagata JM
      • Griffiths S
      • et al.
      The enigma of male eating disorders: a critical review and synthesis.
      • Witcomb GL
      • Bouman WP
      • Brewin N
      • et al.
      Body image dissatisfaction and eating-related psychopathology in trans individuals: a matched control study.
      • Calzo JP
      • Blashill AJ
      • Brown TA
      • Argenal RL
      Eating disorders and disordered weight and shape control behaviors in sexual minority populations.
      As with many other behavioral and physical health disparities in SGM populations, disordered eating and shape control may occur in response to common experiences of discrimination and stigma based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and are influenced by sociocultural norms. This article aims to draw attention to the increased risk for, as well as potential contributors to, body dissatisfaction and eating disorders among SGM adolescents and young adults, and to share perspectives on how clinicians and public health programs can use this awareness to screen for, prevent, and treat these disorders.
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