Advertisement

Economic Benefits of Promoting Safe Walking and Biking to School: Creating Momentum for Community Improvements

      Community-level strategies to promote physical activity have the potential to improve health and well-being and lower the risks and costs of chronic diseases such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and some cancers.

      U.S. Department of Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Human Services; 2018. https://health.gov/sites/default/files/2019-09/Physical_Activity_Guidelines_2nd_edition.pdf. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      U.S. Department of Human Services. Step It Up! The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General; 2015.https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/call-to-action-walking-and-walkable-communites.pdf. Updated April 10, 2020. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      Physical activity. The Community Guide.https://www.thecommunityguide.org/topic/physical-activity. Updated August 28, 2019. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      What strategies communities choose to implement need to be informed by evidence and implementation science. An important source for such information comes from the Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF).

      Physical activity. The Community Guide.https://www.thecommunityguide.org/topic/physical-activity. Updated August 28, 2019. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      This independent, nonfederal panel of public health and prevention experts provides evidence-based findings and recommendations about community preventive services, programs, and other interventions aimed at improving population health, including physical activity interventions. CPSTF-recommended interventions can be located and reviewed at https://www.thecommunityguide.org.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to American Journal of Preventive Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      REFERENCES

      1. U.S. Department of Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Human Services; 2018. https://health.gov/sites/default/files/2019-09/Physical_Activity_Guidelines_2nd_edition.pdf. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      2. U.S. Department of Human Services. Step It Up! The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General; 2015.https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/call-to-action-walking-and-walkable-communites.pdf. Updated April 10, 2020. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      3. Physical activity. The Community Guide.https://www.thecommunityguide.org/topic/physical-activity. Updated August 28, 2019. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      4. Physical activity: built environment approaches combining transportation system interventions with land use and environmental design. The Community Guide.https://www.thecommunityguide.org/findings/physical-activity-built-environment-approaches. Updated February 25, 2020. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      5. Physical activity: interventions to increase active travel to school. The Community Guide.https://www.thecommunityguide.org/findings/physical-activity-interventions-increase-active-travel-school. Updated August 28, 2019. Accessed September 14, 2020.

      6. Jacob V, Chattopadhyay SK, Reynolds JA, et al. Economics of interventions to increase active travel to school: a Community Guide systematic review. Am J Prev Med. In press.

      7. TFFRS - Physical activity: interventions to increase active travel to school. The Community Guide.https://www.thecommunityguide.org/content/tffrs-physical-activity-interventions-increase-active-travel-school. Updated August 28, 2019. Accessed September 14, 2020.

        • Laine J
        • Kuvaja-Köllner V
        • Pietilä E
        • Koivuneva M
        • Valtonen H
        • Kankaanpää E
        Cost-effectiveness of population-level physical activity interventions: a systematic review.
        Am J Health Promot. 2014; 29: 71-80
        • Williams H
        • Lieberman M
        • Zimmerman S
        Building blocks: a guide to starting and growing a strong safe routes to school partnership.
        Safe Routes National Partnership, Fort Washington, MDJanuary 2019 (Accessed September 14, 2020)
      8. Lieberman M. Complete streets policies + bicycle + pedestrian plans: key tools for supporting healthy, active communities. Fort Washington, MD: Safe Routes National Partnership. November 2018. https://www.saferoutespartnership.org/sites/default/files/resource_files/completestreets-bicyclepedplans.pdf. Accessed September 14, 2020.

        • Fulton JE
        • Buchner DM
        • Carlson SA
        • et al.
        CDC's active people, Healthy NationSM: creating an active America, together.
        J Phys Act Health. 2018; 15: 469-473
      9. Active people, Healthy NationSM. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/activepeoplehealthynation/index.html. Updated April 10, 2020. Accessed September 15, 2020.

      10. Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act or “FAST act”. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/fastact/. Updated December 5, 2019. Accessed September 15, 2020.

      11. Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act or “FAST act”: transportation alternatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/fastact/factsheets/transportationalternativesfs.cfm. Updated February 8, 2017. Accessed September 15, 2020.

      12. BUILD discretionary grants. U.S. Department of Transportation.https://www.transportation.gov/BUILDgrants. Updated January 2, 2020. Accessed September 15, 2020.