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Eligibility. Medicaid.gov. https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/eligibility/index.html. Accessed October 1, 2019.
Medicaid enrollment changes following the ACA. Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission.https://www.macpac.gov/subtopic/medicaid-enrollment-changes-following-the-aca/. Accessed May 30, 2019.
2019 09 Updated applications, eligibility determinations, and enrollment data. Data.Medicaid.gov.https://data.medicaid.gov/Enrollment/2019-09-Updated-applications-eligibility-determina/r386-qun5/data. Updated September 2019. Accessed December 21, 2020.
Policy basics: introduction to Medicaid. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.https://www.cbpp.org/research/health/policy-basics-introduction-to-medicaid#:∼:text=Each%20state%20operates%20its%20own,widely%20from%20state%20to%20state. Updated April 14, 2020. Accessed December 21, 2020.
- Table 1. Recommended adult immunization schedule for ages 19 years or older, United States.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020 (https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp/imz/adult.html. Updated February 3, 2020. Accessed September 8, 2020)
- Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: standards for adult immunization Practice.Public Health Rep. 2014; 129: 115-123https://doi.org/10.1177/003335491412900203
- Population characteristics associated with pharmacy-based influenza vaccination in United States survey data.J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2017; 57: 654-660https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2017.07.007
- Pharmacy patronage and service utilization: associations with patient sociodemographic and health characteristics.J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2019; 59: 660-669.e2https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2019.04.022
- Community pharmacies as sites of adult vaccination: a systematic review.Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016; 12: 3146-3159https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2016.1215393
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- The impact of pharmacist immunization programs on adult immunization rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis.J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2016; 56: 418-426https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2016.03.006
- National study of health insurance type and reasons for emergency department use.J Gen Intern Med. 2014; 29: 621-627https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-013-2734-4
- Achieving better quality of care for low-income populations: the roles of health insurance and the medical home in reducing health inequities.Issue Brief (Commonw Fund). 2012; 11 (https://www.issuelab.org/resources/12564/12564.pdf. Accessed February 5, 2021): 1-18
- The epidemiology of U.S. Immunization Law: a national study for the National Immunizations Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Medicaid coverage of immunizations for non-institutionalized adults.Center for Health Services Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy, School of Public Health and Health Services, The George Washington University, Washington, DC2003 (https://hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu/sphhs_policy_facpubs/267/. Published November 2003. Accessed December 14, 2020)
- Vaccination benefits and cost-sharing policy for non-institutionalized adult Medicaid enrollees in the United States.Vaccine. 2014; 32: 618-623https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.11.050
- Medicaid provider reimbursement policy for adult immunizations.Vaccine. 2015; 33: 5801-5808https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.09.014
- Exploring the growth of Medicaid managed care.Congressional Budget Office, Washington, DC2018 (https://www.cbo.gov/publication/54235#section3. Published August 7, 2018. Accessed May 25, 2019)
- Medicaid managed care enrollment and program characteristics.Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Baltimore, MD2017 (https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/managed-care/downloads/enrollment/2017-medicaid-managed-care-enrollment-report.pdf. Published 2019. Accessed December 17, 2019)
Medicaid managed care penetration rates by eligibility group. Kaiser Family Foundation.https://www.kff.org/medicaid/state-indicator/managed-care-penetration-rates-by-eligibility-group/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D. Accessed June 20, 2019.
Managed care. Medicaid.gov.https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/managed-care/index.html. Accessed May 25, 2019.
Managed care's effect on outcomes. Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission.https://www.macpac.gov/subtopic/managed-cares-effect-on-outcomes/. Accessed May 25, 2019.
- State policies on access to vaccination services for low-income adults.JAMA Netw Open. 2020; 3e203316https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3316
Medicaid directors. National Association of Medicaid Directors.http://medicaiddirectors.org/about/medicaid-directors/. Accessed October 8, 2019.
- Coverage of preventive services for adults in Medicaid.Kaiser Family Foundation, San Francisco, CA2014 (https://www.kff.org/report-section/coverage-of-preventive-services-for-adults-in-medicaid-appendices/. Published November 13, 2014. Accessed December 4, 2019)
- The role of nurse practitioners in meeting increasing demand for primary care.National Governors Association, Washington, DC2012 (https://storage.aanp.org/www/documents/advocacy/NGA_RoleOfNPsToIncreaseAccess12_2012.pdf. Published December 2012. Accessed July 30, 2019)
- Policy perspective: competition and the regulation of advanced practice nurse.Federal Trade Commission, Washington, DC2014 (https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/documents/reports/policy-perspectives-competition-regulation-advanced-practice-nurses/140307aprnpolicypaper.pdf. Published March 2014. Accessed July 30, 2019)
- Expanding state laws and a growing role for pharmacists in vaccination services.J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2017; 57: 661-669https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2017.07.001
State practice environment. American Association of Nurse Practitioners.https://www.aanp.org/advocacy/state/state-practice-environment. Updated January 1, 2021. Accessed July 30, 2019.
- The effects of expanded nurse practitioner and physician assistant scope of practice on the cost of Medicaid patient care.Health Policy. 2017; 121: 189-196https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2016.12.002
- Impact of pharmacists on access to vaccine providers: a geospatial analysis.Milbank Q. 2018; 96: 568-592https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-0009.12342
- Assessment of pharmacists’ delivery of public health services in rural and urban areas in Iowa and North Dakota.Pharm Pract (Granada). 2016; 14: 836https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2016.04.836
- Pharmacists as health care providers: lessons from California and Washington.J Am Coll Clin Pharm. 2018; 1: 39-44https://doi.org/10.1002/jac5.1035
- Impact of pharmacists as immunizers on vaccination rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis.Vaccine. 2016; 34: 5708-5723https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.08.085
- The role of community pharmacy-based vaccination in the USA: current practice and future directions.Integr Pharm Res Pract. 2015; 4: 67-77https://doi.org/10.2147/IPRP.S63822
- Provider time and costs to vaccinate adult patients: impact of time counseling without vaccination.Vaccine. 2019; 37: 792-797https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.12.045
- Medicaid program; revisions to payment policies under the physician fee schedule and other changes to Part B payment policies.Fed Regist. 2019; 84 (To be codified at 42 CFR): 62568-63563
- Reimbursement for service of administering vaccines, from an independent pharmacy perspective.Pharmacy Times. June 22, 2017; (https://www.pharmacytimes.com/publications/supplementals/2017/immunizationsupplementjune2017/reimbursement-for-service-of-administering-vaccines-from-an-independent-pharmacy-perspective. Accessed December 4, 2019)
- Medicaid program; covered outpatient drugs. Final rule with comment period.Fed Regist. 2016; 81 (To be codified as 42 CFR Part 447): 5169-5357
- Pharmacist role in vaccination: evidence and challenges.Vaccine. 2019; 37: 5939-5945https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.08.060
- Medicaid payment for outpatient prescription drugs.Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission, Washington, DC2018 (https://www.macpac.gov/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Medicaid-Payment-for-Outpatient-Prescription-Drugs.pdf. Published May 2018. Accessed July 30, 2019)
Medicaid covered outpatient prescription drug reimbursement by state. Medicaid.gov.https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid/prescription-drugs/state-prescription-drug-resources/drug-reimbursement-information/index.html. Updated December 10, 2020. Accessed December 4, 2019.
- Trends in Medicaid nursing home reimbursement: 1978-89.Health Care Financ Rev. 1993; 14 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4193357/. Accessed February 5, 2021): 111-132
- State Medicaid nursing home reimbursement rates: adjusting for ancillaries.Gerontologist. 2001; 41: 597-604https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/41.5.597
- A longitudinal study of Medicaid payment, private-pay price and nursing home quality.Int J Health Care Fin Econ. 2004; 4: 5-26https://doi.org/10.1023/b:ihfe.0000019258.29496.03
Who pays for long-term care? LongTermCare.gov.https://longtermcare.acl.gov/the-basics/who-pays-for-long-term-care.html. Updated October 15, 2020. Accessed December 4, 2019.
- Who pays for long-term services and supports?.Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC2018 (https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/IF10343.pdf. Published August 22, 2018. Accessed December 4, 2019)