Embracing Uncertainty: The Value of Partial Identification in Public Health and Clinical Research


      This paper describes the methodology of partial identification and its applicability to empirical research in preventive medicine and public health.


      The authors summarize findings from the methodologic literature on partial identification. The analysis was conducted in 2020–2021.


      The applicability of partial identification methods is demonstrated using 3 empirical examples drawn from published literature.


      Partial identification methods are likely to be of considerable interest to clinicians and others engaged in preventive medicine and public health research.
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