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- The health consequences of smoking—50 years of progress: a report of the Surgeon General.HHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA2014https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK179276/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK179276.pdf(Published January)Date accessed: April 15, 2020
- The health consequences of involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke: a report of the Surgeon General.HHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Coordinating Center for Health Promotion, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA2006https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44324/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK44324.pdf(Published)Date accessed: April 15, 2020
- Fourth National report on human exposure to environmental chemicals.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA2015https://www.cdc.gov/biomonitoring/pdf/FourthReport_UpdatedTables_Feb2015.pdf(Published February)Date accessed: April 25, 2021
- Vital signs: disparities in nonsmokers’ exposure to secondhand smoke - United States, 1999-2012.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015; 64 (Accessed April 15, 2020): 103-108https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6404a7.htmDate accessed: April 15, 2020
- Deaths from secondhand smoke exposure in the United States: economic implications.Am J Public Health. 2012; 102: 2173-2180https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2012.300805
- Exposure to secondhand smoke among nonsmokers—United States, 1988–2014.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018; 67: 1342-1346https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6748a3
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- Cigarette smoking among adults–United States, 1988 [published correction appears in MMWRMorb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1992;41(20):367].MMWR Morb MortalWkly Rep. 1991; 40: 757-765https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00015539.htmDate accessed: April 15, 2020
- Tobacco product use among adults - United States, 2019.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020; 69: 1736-1742https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6946a4
- Centers for Disease Controland Prevention.2021https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/ContinuousNhanes/labmethods.aspx?BeginYear=2015(Updated April 9,)Date accessed: April 16, 2020
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.2021https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/ContinuousNhanes/Manuals.aspx?BeginYear=2011(Updated April 9,)Date accessed: July 13, 2015
- National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 data documentation, codebook, and frequencies: cotinine − serum & total NNAL − urine (COTNAL_G).2013http://wwwn.cdc.gov/Nchs/Nhanes/2011-2012/COTNAL_G.htm(Updated December)Date accessed: November 17, 2015
Best practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs–2014. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/stateandcommunity/best_practices/index.htm. Accessed July 3, 2018.
- American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation.2021https://no-smoke.org/smokefree-threats/secondhand-smoke/(Updated)Date accessed: May 7, 2020
- Implementing HUD's SMOKE-FREE POLICY in public housing.U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC2020https://www.hud.gov/sites/documents/SMOKEFREE_GUIDEBK.PDF(Published)Date accessed: May 26, 2020
American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation. Summary of 100% smokefree state laws and population protected by 100% U.S. smokefree laws. Berkeley, CA: American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation.http://no-smoke.org/wp-content/uploads/pdf/SummaryUSPopList.pdf. Published April 2021. Accessed May 26, 2018.
American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation. Chronological table of U.S. population protected by 100% smokefree state or local laws. Berkeley, CA: American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation. https://no-smoke.org/wp-content/uploads/pdf/EffectivePopulationList.pdf. Published April 2021. Accessed June 8, 2020.
- Smoking cessation: a report of the Surgeon General – key findings.HHS, 2020https://www.hhs.gov/surgeongeneral/reports-and-publications/tobacco/2020-cessation-sgr-factsheet-key-findings/index.html(Updated January 23,)Date accessed: June 1, 2020
- Nicotine metabolism and intake in black and white smokers.JAMA. 1998; 280: 152-156https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.280.2.152
- Smoke-free rules and secondhand smoke exposure in homes and vehicles among U.S. adults, 2009-2010.Prev Chronic Dis. 2013; 10: E79https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd10.120218
- Exposure to secondhand smoke and attitudes toward smoke-free workplaces among employed U.S. adults: findings from the National Adult Tobacco Survey.Nicotine Tob Res. 2014; 16: 1307-1318https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntu069
- Assessing the knowledge of the potential harm to others caused by second-hand smoke and its impact on protective behaviours at home.J Public Health (Oxf). 2012; 34: 183-194https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdr104
Tips From Former Smokers®. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/index.html. Accessed June 1, 2020.
- Monitoring the tobacco use epidemic III: the host: data sources and methodological challenges.Prev Med. 2009; 48 (suppl): S16-S23https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.09.008
- Tobacco product use and cessation indicators among adults–United States, 2018.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019; 68: 1013-1019https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6845a2
- Notes from the field: use of electronic cigarettes and any tobacco product among middle and high school students - United States, 2011-2018.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018; 67: 1276-1277https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6745a5
Quick facts on the risks of e-cigarettes for kids, teens, and young adults. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/Quick-Facts-on-the-Risks-of-E-cigarettes-for-Kids-Teens-and-Young-Adults.html. Accessed on February 9, 2021.
- Biomarkers of secondhand smoke exposure in automobiles.Tob Control. 2014; 23: 51-57https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050724
- Biomarkers of exposure to secondhand and thirdhand tobacco smoke: recent advances and future perspectives.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018; 15: 2693https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122693
- Cotinine as a biomarker of environmental tobacco smoke exposure.Epidemiol Rev. 1996; 18: 188-204https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.epirev.a017925