Advertisement

Association Between Bully Victimization and Vaping Among Texas High School Students

      Introduction

      Bullying and vaping among adolescents in Texas is a major public health concern. Bully victimization has been associated with substance use in adolescents; however, research examining the association between bully victimization and vaping in adolescents is sparse. This study aims to examine the independent association between bully victimization and vaping among Texas high school students.

      Methods

      Pooled data from the 2017 and 2019 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N=3,486) were analyzed in July 2020. Past-year bully victimization was categorized into 4 mutually exclusive groups: no bully victimization, school bully victimization only, cyberbully victimization only, and both school bully and cyberbully victimization. Current vape use was measured as a binary variable. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association.

      Results

      In the total sample, the past-year prevalence of school bully victimization only, cyberbully victimization only, and both school bully and cyberbully victimization was 8.3%, 4.6%, and 7.7%, respectively. Approximately 1 in 7 students (14.5%) reported vaping during the past 30 days. Female students who experienced both school bullying and cyberbullying had 68% greater odds of vaping than female students who did not experience bullying (AOR=1.68, 95% CI=1.02, 3.41). Bully victimization was not significantly associated with vaping in male students.

      Conclusions

      Female Texas high school students who are victims of both school bullying and cyberbullying have a greater likelihood of vaping. Healthcare providers, school counselors, and educators should be aware of the association and sex differences that exist while developing intervention programs to address bullying and vaping in high school students.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to American Journal of Preventive Medicine
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      REFERENCES

        • Gladden RM
        • Vivolo-Kantor AM
        • Hamburger ME
        • Lumpkin CD.
        Bullying surveillance among youths: uniform definitions for public health and recommended data elements, version 1.0. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.
        Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Education, 2014
      1. Texas health data: Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). Texas Department of State Health Services. http://healthdata.dshs.texas.gov/dashboard/surveys-and-profiles/youth-risk-behavior-survey. Accessed October 22, 2020.

      2. David's Law. Texas State Legislature, 85th Texas Legislature, S. 179. (2017). https://www.capitol.texas.gov/tlodocs/85R/billtext/pdf/SB00179F.pdf. Accessed July 21, 2021.

      3. Cyberbullying: anti-bullying laws in Texas after SB 179 (David's law). Texas Association of School Boards. https://www.tasb.org/services/legal-services/tasb-school-law-esource/students/documents/cyberbullying.aspx. Updated August 2018. Accessed July 21, 2021.

        • Wolke D
        • Copeland WE
        • Angold A
        • Costello EJ.
        Impact of bullying in childhood on adult health, wealth, crime, and social outcomes.
        Psychol Sci. 2013; 24: 1958-1970https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797613481608
        • Juvonen J
        • Graham S
        • Schuster MA.
        Bullying among young adolescents: the strong, the weak, and the troubled.
        Pediatrics. 2003; 112: 1231-1237https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.112.6.1231
        • Gini G
        • Pozzoli T.
        Association between bullying and psychosomatic problems: a meta-analysis [published correction appears in Pediatrics. 2009;124(3):1000].
        Pediatrics. 2009; 123: 1059-1065https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-1215
        • Fleming LC
        • Jacobsen KH.
        Bullying among middle-school students in low and middle income countries.
        Health Promot Int. 2010; 25: 73-84https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dap046
        • Albaladejo-Blázquez N
        • Ferrer-Cascales R
        • Ruiz-Robledillo N
        • Sánchez-Sansegundo M
        • Clement-Carbonell V
        • Zaragoza-Martí A.
        Poor dietary habits in bullied adolescents: the moderating effects of diet on depression.
        Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018; 15: 1569https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081569
        • Litwiller BJ
        • Brausch AM.
        Cyber bullying and physical bullying in adolescent suicide: the role of violent behavior and substance use.
        J Youth Adolesc. 2013; 42: 675-684https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9925-5
        • Nakamoto J
        • Schwartz D.
        Is peer victimization associated with academic achievement? A meta-analytic review.
        Soc Dev. 2010; 19: 221-242https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.2009.00539.x
        • Niemelä S
        • Brunstein-Klomek A
        • Sillanmäki L
        • et al.
        Childhood bullying behaviors at age eight and substance use at age 18 among males. A nationwide prospective study.
        Addict Behav. 2011; 36: 256-260https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.10.012
        • Tharp-Taylor S
        • Haviland A
        • D'Amico EJ
        Victimization from mental and physical bullying and substance use in early adolescence.
        Addict Behav. 2009; 34: 561-567https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.03.012
        • Radliff KM
        • Wheaton JE
        • Robinson K
        • Morris J.
        Illuminating the relationship between bullying and substance use among middle and high school youth.
        Addict Behav. 2012; 37: 569-572https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.01.001
        • Baiden P
        • Tadeo SK.
        Examining the association between bullying victimization and prescription drug misuse among adolescents in the United States.
        J Affect Disord. 2019; 259: 317-324https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.063
        • Azagba S
        • Mensah NA
        • Shan L
        • Latham K.
        Bullying Victimization and e-cigarette use among middle and high school students.
        J Sch Health. 2020; 90: 545-553https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12902
        • Doxbeck CR.
        Up in smoke: exploring the relationship between bullying victimization and e-cigarette use in sexual minority youths.
        Subst Use Misuse. 2020; 55: 2221-2229https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2020.1797809
        • Arnegard ME
        • Whitten LA
        • Hunter C
        • Clayton JA.
        Sex as a biological variable: a 5-year progress report and call to action.
        J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020; 29: 858-864https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2019.8247
        • Tsai J
        • Walton K
        • Coleman BN
        • et al.
        Reasons for electronic cigarette use among middle and high school students - National Youth Tobacco Survey, United States, 2016.
        MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018; 67: 196-200https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6706a5
      4. Teen vaping in Texas. Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, UTHealth, The University of Texas, Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health. https://sph.uth.edu/research/centers/dell/texas-child-health-status-report/teen%20vaping%20in%20texas%2010.16.20.pdf. Updated September 16, 2020. Accessed October 12, 2020.

        • Hong JS
        • Davis JP
        • Sterzing PR
        • Yoon J
        • Choi S
        • Smith DC.
        A conceptual framework for understanding the association between school bullying victimization and substance misuse.
        Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2014; 84: 696-710https://doi.org/10.1037/ort0000036
        • Luk JW
        • Wang J
        • Simons-Morton BG.
        Bullying victimization and substance use among U.S. adolescents: mediation by depression.
        Prev Sci. 2010; 11: 355-359https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-010-0179-0
        • Hamberger ES
        • Halpern-Felsher B.
        Vaping in adolescents: epidemiology and respiratory harm.
        Curr Opin Pediatr. 2020; 32: 378-383https://doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000896
        • Cao DJ
        • Aldy K
        • Hsu S
        • et al.
        Review of health consequences of electronic cigarettes and the outbreak of electronic cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury.
        J Med Toxicol. 2020; 16: 295-310https://doi.org/10.1007/s13181-020-00772-w
        • Texas Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System
        2017 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey.
        (Published 2018)
        www.dshs.texas.gov/chs/yrbs
        Date accessed: July 21, 2021
      5. Texas Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. 2019 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey. www.dshs.texas.gov/chs/yrbs. Published 2020. Accessed July 21, 2021.

        • Brener ND
        • Kann L
        • et al.
        • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
        Methodology of the youth risk behavior surveillance system–2013.
        MMWR Recomm Rep. 2013; 62: 1-20
        • Maldonado G
        • Greenland S.
        Simulation study of confounder-selection strategies.
        Am J Epidemiol. 1993; 138: 923-936https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116813
        • Ybarra ML.
        Linkages between depressive symptomatology and internet harassment among young regular internet users.
        Cyberpsychol Behav. 2004; 7: 247-257https://doi.org/10.1089/109493104323024500
        • Seals D
        • Young J.
        Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression.
        Adolescence. 2003; 38: 735-747
        • Sihvola E
        • Rose RJ
        • Dick DM
        • Pulkkinen L
        • Marttunen M
        • Kaprio J.
        Early-onset depressive disorders predict the use of addictive substances in adolescence: a prospective study of adolescent Finnish twins.
        Addiction. 2008; 103: 2045-2053https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02363.x
        • Needham BL.
        Gender differences in trajectories of depressive symptomatology and substance use during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood.
        Soc Sci Med. 2007; 65: 1166-1179https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.04.037
        • Klinck M
        • Vannucci A
        • Fagle T
        • Ohannessian CM.
        Appearance-related teasing and substance use during early adolescence.
        Psychol Addict Behav. 2020; 34: 541-548https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000563
        • Acierno R
        • Kilpatrick DG
        • Resnick H
        • Saunders B
        • De Arellano M
        • Best C.
        Assault, PTSD, family substance use, and depression as risk factors for cigarette use in youth: findings from the National Survey of Adolescents.
        J Trauma Stress. 2000; 13: 381-396https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007772905696
        • Adams RE
        • Bukowski WM.
        Peer victimization as a predictor of depression and body mass index in obese and non-obese adolescents.
        J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2008; 49: 858-866https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.01886.x
        • Schneider SK
        • O'Donnell L
        • Stueve A
        • Coulter RW
        Cyberbullying, school bullying, and psychological distress: a regional census of high school students.
        Am J Public Health. 2012; 102: 171-177https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2011.300308