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Maxcy-Rosenau-Last: Public Health and Preventive Medicine, 16th Edition, Matthew Boulton and Robert Wallace, eds.

      The first edition of Rosenau's classic textbook entitled Preventive Medicine and Hygiene was published in 1913. Milton J. Rosenau (1869–1946) was appointed in 1909 as the Harvard University/MIT School of Medicine Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine. He retired from Harvard in 1936 and went on to establish and serve as Dean of the School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His work on the textbook would continue by serving as editor of 5 subsequent editions. John Maxcy served as editor of the seventh edition after the death of Rosenau and of subsequent editions in collaboration with Philip Sartwell at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. Rosenau's career as an epidemiologist focused on microbiology and immunology, the intersection of laboratory science and public health, and in particular the importance of pasteurization in ensuring the safety of human milk consumption. His life and contributions to public health are reviewed by Joel D. Howell, the Elizabeth Farrand Professor of the History of Medicine, at the University of Michigan. The title of Howell's chapter is History of Preventive Medicine, Public Health, and a Century After Milton J. Rosenau's Preventive Medicine and Hygiene. In his historical overview, Howell indicated that in the nineteenth century, few medical schools explicitly taught subjects such as public health, hygiene, and sanitary science.
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