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National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: Social Determinants of Health Research, Fiscal Year 2008–2020

      Introduction

      Social determinants of health influence the prevention, treatment, and progression of chronic diseases, including heart, lung, blood, and sleep diseases and conditions. Healthy People 2020 classifies Social Determinants of Health into 5 subcategories: (1) Neighborhood and Built Environment, (2) Education, (3) Economic Stability, (4) Social and Community Context, and (5) Health and Health Care. This study's goal is to characterize the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Fiscal Year 2008–2020 funding in overall Social Determinants of Health research and in the Healthy People 2020 subcategories.

      Methods

      The Social Determinants of Health Research, Condition, and Disease Categorization code was used to identify funded grants in this area. Natural language processing methods further categorized grants into the 5 Healthy People 2020 Social Determinants of Health subcategories.

      Results

      There were 915 (∼4.3%) social determinants of health‒funded grants from 2008 to 2020 representing $1,034 billion in direct costs. Most grants were relevant to cardiovascular diseases (n=653), with a smaller number relevant to lung diseases (n=186), blood diseases (n=47), and translational and implementation science (n=29). Grants fit multiple Social Determinants of Health subcategories with the majority identified as Health and Health Care (62%) and Economic Stability (61%). The number of National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute social determinants of health grants awarded increased by 127% from Fiscal Year 2008 to Fiscal Year 2020.

      Conclusions

      This study identifies Social Determinants of Health grants funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute during 2008‒2020. Enhancing the understanding of these determinants and developing effective interventions will ultimately help to advance the mission of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
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