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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking-50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/n/surgsmoke50/pdf/. Published 2014. Accessed August 18, 2021.
- Disparities in adult cigarette smoking prevalence in the United States.CA Cancer J Clin. 2018; 68: 106-115https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21444
- Section on Tobacco Control. Health disparities in tobacco use and exposure: a structural competency approach.Pediatrics. 2021; 147e2020040253https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-040253
- Prevalence of disability and health care access by disability status and type among adults–United States, 2016.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018; 67: 882-887https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6732a3
- Conducting accessible research: including people with disabilities in public health, epidemiological, and outcomes studies.Am J Public Health. 2016; 106: 2137-2144https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303448
- Tobacco product use among adults - United States, 2019.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020; 69: 1736-1742https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6946a4
- Disparities in current cigarette smoking prevalence by type of disability, 2009-2011.Public Health Rep. 2014; 129: 252-260https://doi.org/10.1177/003335491412900307
- Prevalence and risk factors of e-cigarette use among working-age adults with and without disabilities in 2017-2018.Disabil Health J. 2021; 14101048https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2020.101048
- E-cigarette use in young adult never cigarette smokers with disabilities: results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey.Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021; 18: 5476https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18105476
- Tobacco use disparities and disability among U.S. college students.J Am Coll Health. 2020; : 1-6https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1842425
- Disparities in e-cigarette and tobacco use among adolescents with disabilities.Prev Chronic Dis. 2020; 17: E135https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd17.200161
- A systematic review of tobacco use among adolescents with physical disabilities.Public Health. 2016; 133: 107-115https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2016.01.005
- Results of a cross-national structured cognitive interviewing protocol to test measures of disability.Qual Quant. 2011; 45: 801-815https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-010-9370-4
Brault MW. Review of changes to the measurement of disability in the 2008 American Community Survey. Washington, DC: United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/working-papers/2009/demo/2008acs-disability.pdf. Published September 22, 2009. Accessed September 10, 2021.
How disability data are collected from the American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/topics/health/disability/guidance/data-collection-acs.html#:∼:text=shopping%20(DOUT).-,Respondents%20who%20report%20anyone%20of%20the%20six%20disability%20types%20are,populations%20of%2065%2C000%20or%20more. Updated November 21, 2021. Accessed August 19, 2021.
World Health Organization. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2001/9241545429.pdf. Published 2001. Accessed August 19, 2021.
- Measuring disability: an examination of differences between the Washington Group Short Set on Functioning and the American Community Survey disability questions.Natl Health Stat Report. 2021; : 1-9https://doi.org/10.15620/cdc:107202
- Tobacco product use and smoking frequency among U.S. adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities.J Intellect Disabil Res. 2018; 62: 709-718https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12507
- Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use: do students with mild-intellectual disability mimic students in the general population?.Res Dev Disabil. 2017; 63: 118-131https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.10.009
- Tobacco use in Florida: comparisons between adults living with and without disabilities.Disabil Health J. 2013; 6: 213-219https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2013.01.008
National Health Interview Survey: survey description. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/index.htm. Updated June 6, 2022. Accessed August 19, 2021.
Washington Group on Disability Statistics. An introduction to the Washington Group on Disability Statistics question sets. Hyattsville, MD: Washington Group on Disability Statistics. https://www.washingtongroup-disability.com/fileadmin/uploads/wg/Documents/An_Introduction_to_the_WG_Questions_Sets__2_June_2020_.pdf. Published 2020. Accessed September 22, 2021.
- New procedures for nonresponse adjustments to the 2019 National Health Interview Survey sampling weights.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, HHS, Atlanta, GA2020 (https://nhis.ipums.org/nhis/resources/nonresponse-report-508.pdf. Published 2020. Accessed August 19, 2021)
- National Center for Health Statistics data presentation standards for proportions.Vital Health Stat 2. 2017; 175: 1-22https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_02/sr02_175.pdfDate accessed: September 30, 2019
- Co-occurring risk factors for current cigarette smoking in a U.S. nationally representative sample.Prev Med. 2016; 92: 110-117https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.025
- Sex and sexual orientation in relation to tobacco use among young adult college students in the U.S.: a cross-sectional study.BMC Public Health. 2018; 18: 1244https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6150-x
- State-specific prevalence of current e-cigarette use by disability status and disability type-United States, BRFSS 2016–2018.Disabil Health J. 2022; 15101182https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2021.101182
- The validity of self-reported smoking: a review and meta-analysis.Am J Public Health. 1994; 84: 1086-1093https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.84.7.1086
- Trends in the prevalence of current, daily, and nondaily cigarette smoking and quit ratios by depression status in the U.S.: 2005-2017.Am J Prev Med. 2020; 58: 691-698https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.12.023
- The association of cigarette smoking with depression and anxiety: a systematic review.Nicotine Tob Res. 2017; 19: 3-13https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntw140
Understanding disability statistics. ADA National Network https://adata.org/factsheet/understanding-disability-statistics. Updated June 2022. Accessed December 23, 2021.
ILRU directory of centers for independent living (CILs) and associations. Independent Living Research Utilization. https://www.ilru.org/projects/cil-net/cil-center-and-association-directory. Updated June 2022. Accessed September 22, 2021.
- Tobacco cessation intervention for people with disabilities: survey of Center for Independent Living Directors.Rehabil Couns Bull. 2011; 54: 118-121https://doi.org/10.1177/0034355210380750
- Tobacco and alcohol-related interventions for people with mild/moderate intellectual disabilities: a systematic review of the literature.J Intellect Disabil Res. 2013; 57: 393-408https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2012.01543.x
- Living independent from tobacco reduces cigarette smoking and improves general health status among long-term tobacco users with disabilities.Disabil Health J. 2020; 13100882https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.100882
Havercamp SM, Barnhart WR, Ellsworth D, et al. Evidence for the fidelity and effectiveness of Living Independent From Tobacco for people with disabilities and their caregivers. Tob Use Insights. 2019;12:1179173X18825075. https://doi.org/10.1177/1179173X18825075.
- Creating a tobacco cessation program for people with disabilities: a community based participatory research approach.J Addict Res Ther. 2014; 51000204https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6105.1000204
National Cancer Institute. Cigars: health effects and trends. Tobacco control monograph. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. https://onesearch.nihlibrary.ors.nih.gov/discovery/fulldisplay?vid=01NIH_INST%3ANIH&docid=alma991001242433704686&lang=en&context=L&adaptor=Local%20Search%20Engine. Published 1998. Accessed January 19, 2022.
National Cancer Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smokeless tobacco and public health: a global perspective. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. https://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/sites/default/files/2020-06/smokelesstobaccoandpublichealth.pdf. Published 2020. Accessed January 19, 2022.
- Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes..The National Academies Press, Washington, DC2018https://doi.org/10.17226/24952
- The effects of waterpipe tobacco smoking on health outcomes: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.Int J Epidemiol. 2017; 46: 32-43https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyw021
- What is wrong with non-respondents? Alcohol-, drug- and smoking-related mortality and morbidity in a 12-year follow-up study of respondents and non-respondents in the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey.Addiction. 2015; 110: 1505-1512https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12939