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- Ultra-processed foods: what they are and how to identify them.Public Health Nutr. 2019; 22: 936-941https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003762
- Ultra-processed food and the risk of overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.Int J Obes (Lond). 2020; 44: 2080-2091https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-020-00650-z
- Consumption of ultra-processed foods and health status: a systematic review and meta-analysis.Br J Nutr. 2021; 125: 308-318https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114520002688
- Ultraprocessed food and chronic noncommunicable diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 43 observational studies.Obes Rev. 2021; 22: e13146https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13146
- The degree of processing of foods which are most widely consumed by the French elderly population is associated with satiety and glycemic potentials and nutrient profiles.Food Funct. 2017; 8: 651-658https://doi.org/10.1039/C6FO01495J
- The western diet-microbiome-host interaction and its role in metabolic disease.Nutrients. 2018; 10: 365https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030365
- Association between dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods and urinary concentrations of phthalates and bisphenol in a nationally representative sample of the U.S. population aged 6 years and older.PLoS One. 2020; 15e0236738https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236738
- Urinary organophosphate ester concentrations in relation to ultra-processed food consumption in the general U.S. population.Environ Res. 2020; 182109070https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.109070
- Ultra-processed foods, diet quality, and health using the NOVA classification system.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy2019Published 2019. Accessed April 4, 2022)
- Ultra-processed products are becoming dominant in the global food system.Obes Rev. 2013; 14: 21-28https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12107
IBGE. Pesquisa de orçamentos familiares 2017–2018: avaliação nutricional da disponibilidade domiciliar de alimentos no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: IBGE. https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv101704.pdf. Published 2020. Accessed April 4, 2022.
- Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.Lancet. 2018; 392: 1923-1994https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32225-6
IBGE. Pesquisa de orçamentos familiares 2017–2018: análise do consumo alimentar pessoal no Brasil. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: IBGE. https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv101742.pdf. Published 2020. Accessed April 4, 2022.
- Consumption of ultra-processed foods and mortality: a national prospective cohort in Spain.Mayo Clin Proc. 2019; 94: 2178-2188https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2019.03.035
- Ultra-processed food intake and mortality in the USA: results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988–1994).Public Health Nutr. 2019; 22: 1777-1785https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003890
- Association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and all cause mortality: SUN prospective cohort study.BMJ. 2019; 365: l1949https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.l1949
- Association between ultraprocessed food consumption and risk of mortality among middle-aged adults in France.JAMA Intern Med. 2019; 179: 490-498https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7289
- Ultra-processed food consumption is associated with increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the Moli-sani Study.Am J Clin Nutr. 2021; 113: 446-455https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqaa299
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- Premature mortality from noncommunicable disease.WHO, Geneva, Switzerland2022Published 2022. Accessed June 23, 2022)
- Methodological guidelines for the estimation of attributable mortality using a prevalence-based method: the STREAMS-P tool.J Clin Epidemiol. 2022; 147: 101-110https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2022.03.016
- The combined analysis of uncertainty and patient heterogeneity in medical decision models.Med Decis Making. 2011; 31: 650-661https://doi.org/10.1177/0272989X10381282
- Ersatz user guide. Queensland.EpiGear International Pty Ltd, Australia2017Published 2017. Accessed June 23, 2022)
- Effects of reducing processed culinary ingredients and ultra-processed foods in the Brazilian diet: a cardiovascular modelling study.Public Health Nutr. 2018; 21: 181-188https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017002063
- Coronary heart disease mortality, cardiovascular disease mortality and all-cause mortality attributable to dietary intake over 20 years in Brazil.Int J Cardiol. 2016; 217: 64-68https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.04.176
- Implications of Brexit for the effectiveness of the UK soft drinks industry levy on coronary heart disease in England: a modelling study.Lancet. 2017; 390: S9https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32944-6
- Projected impact of Mexico's sugar-sweetened beverage tax policy on diabetes and cardiovascular disease: a modeling study.PLoS Med. 2016; 13e1002158https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002158
- Projected impact of a reduction in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption on diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Argentina: a modeling study.PLoS Med. 2020; 17e1003224https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003224
- Modelling the potential impact of a sugar-sweetened beverage tax on stroke mortality, costs and health-adjusted life years in South Africa.BMC Public Health. 2016; 16: 405https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3085-y
- Effects of a 20% price increase of sugar-sweetened beverages on consumption and welfare in Brazil.University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil2019Published 2019. Accessed April 4, 2022)
- The need to reshape global food processing: a call to the United Nations Food Systems Summit.BMJ Glob Health. 2021; 6e006885https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006885
- Ultra-processed foods and cardiovascular diseases: potential mechanisms of action.Adv Nutr. 2021; 12: 1673-1680https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmab049
- Estimating excess mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic analysis of COVID-19-related mortality, 2020–21.Lancet. 2022; 399: 1513-1536https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)02796-3
- Probability of premature death for chronic noncommunicable diseases, Brazil and Regions, projections to 2025.Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2019; 22e190030https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720190030
- Changes in prices, sales, consumer spending, and beverage consumption one year after a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Berkeley, California, U.S.: a before-and-after study.PLoS Med. 2017; 14e1002283https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002283
- An evaluation of Chile's law of food labeling and advertising on sugar-sweetened beverage purchases from 2015 to 2017: a before-and-after study.PLoS Med. 2020; 17e1003015https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003015
- Front-of-pack warning labels are preferred by parents with low education level in four Latin American countries.WN. 2019; 10: 11-26https://doi.org/10.26596/wn.201910411-26
- From burden to “best buys”: reducing the economic impact of noncommunicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries.WHO, World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland2011https://ncdalliance.org/sites/default/files/resource_files/WHO%20From%20Burden%20to%20Best%20Buys.pdf(Published 2011. Accessed June 23, 2022)
Ministério da Saúde. Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. Brasília, Brazil: Ministry of Health of Brazil. http://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/guia_alimentar_populacao_brasileira_2ed.pdf. Published 2014. Accessed April 4, 2022.
Sodium reduction in processed foods in Canada: an evaluation of progress toward voluntary targets from 2012 to 2016. Health Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/food-nutrition/legislation-guidelines/guidance-documents/guidance-food-industry-reducing-sodium-processed-foods-progress-report-2017.html. Updated January 12, 2018. Accessed June 23, 2022.
- GAIN’s definition of nutritious and safe foods.GAIN, Geneva, Switzerland2021https://www.gainhealth.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/gain-briefing-paper-series-8-gain-definition-of-nutritious-and-safe-foods.pdf(Accessed June 23, 2022)
- Dietary guidance to improve cardiovascular health: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association.Circulation. 2021; 144: e472-e487https://doi.org/10.1161/CIR.0000000000001031
- The effects of the Danish saturated fat tax on food and nutrient intake and modelled health outcomes: an econometric and comparative risk assessment evaluation.Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016; 70: 681-686https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2016.6
- Regulating health and nutrition claims in the UK using a nutrient profile model: an explorative modelled health impact assessment.Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2019; 16: 18https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0778-5
- Traffic light labelling could prevent mortality from noncommunicable diseases in Canada: a scenario modelling study.PLoS One. 2019; 14e0226975https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226975
- Modelling the effect of compliance with WHO salt recommendations on cardiovascular disease mortality and costs in Brazil.PLoS One. 2020; 15e0235514https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0235514
- An overview of methods for calculating the burden of disease due to specific risk factors.Epidemiology. 2006; 17: 512-519https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ede.0000229155.05644.43
- Model parameter estimation and uncertainty: A report of the ISPOR-SMDM modeling good research practices task force-6.Value Health. 2012; 15: 835-842https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2012.04.014