Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Rates of any and exclusive breastfeeding by sociodemographics among children born in 2018. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/nis_data/rates-any-exclusive-bf-socio-dem-2018.html. Updated August 1, 2022. Accessed December 2, 2021.
- Racial and ethnic disparities in U.S. breastfeeding and implications for maternal and child health outcomes.Semin Perinatol. 2017; 41: 299-307https://doi.org/10.1053/j.semperi.2017.04.007
- Predictors of exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months in a national sample of U.S. children.Am J Health Promot. 2019; 33: 48-56https://doi.org/10.1177/0890117118774208
- The burden of suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States: a pediatric cost analysis.Pediatrics. 2010; 125: e1048-e1056https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-1616
- Suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States: maternal and pediatric health outcomes and costs.Matern Child Nutr. 2017; 13: e12366https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12366
- Why invest, and what it will take to improve breastfeeding practices?.Lancet. 2016; 387: 491-504https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01044-2
Breastfeeding. WHO. https://www.who.int/health-topics/breastfeeding#tab=tab_2. Updated 2022. Accessed December 2, 2021.
- Policy statement: breastfeeding and the use of human milk.Pediatrics. 2022; 150e2022057988https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2022-057988
Breastfeeding among U.S. Children born 2011–2018, CDC national immunization survey. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/nis_data/results.html. Updated August 1, 2022. Accessed December 2, 2021.
Increase the proportion of infants who are breastfed exclusively through age 6 months–MICH-15. Healthy People 2030, HHS, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/infants/increase-proportion-infants-who-are-breastfed-exclusively-through-age-6-months-mich-15. Updated 2022. Accessed December 2, 2021.
- Factors associated with breastfeeding initiation and continuation: a meta-analysis.J Pediatr. 2018; 203 (.e21): 190-196https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.08.008
- About Social Determinants Health (SDOH).Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021Updated March 10,Accessed May 18, 2022)
APA dictionary of psychology. American Psychological Association. https://dictionary.apa.org/social-support. Updated 2022. Accessed May 18, 2022.
- Association of social and community factors with U.S. Breastfeeding outcomes.Breastfeed Med. 2020; 15: 646-654https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2020.0083
- Racial and ethnic differences in maternal social support and relationship to mother-infant health behaviors.Acad Pediatr. 2022; 22: 1429-1436
- Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice.4th ed. Jossey-Bass, Hoboken, NJ2008
- A qualitative study of social, cultural, and historical influences on African American women's infant-feeding practices.J Perinat Educ. 2018; 27: 71-85https://doi.org/10.1891/1058-1243.27.2.71
- Cultural norms in conflict: breastfeeding among Hispanic immigrants in rural Washington State.Matern Child Health J. 2016; 20: 1549-1557https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-016-1954-8
- Skimmed: Breastfeeding, Race, and Injustice.Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA2019
- Racial and ethnic disparities in breastfeeding.Breastfeed Med. 2015; 10: 186-196https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2014.0152
- Reasons for infant feeding decisions in low-income families in Washington, DC.J Hum Lact. 2016; 32: 704-710https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334416653739
- Engaging inner-city fathers in breastfeeding support.Breastfeed Med. 2016; 11: 15-20https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2015.0092
- Greenlight study”: a controlled trial of low-literacy, early childhood obesity prevention.Pediatrics. 2014; 133: e1724-e1737https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-3867
- Enhancing recovery in coronary heart disease patients (ENRICHD): study design and methods. The ENRICHD investigators.Am Heart J. 2000; 139: 1-9https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8703(00)90301-6
- Social support concepts and measures.J Psychosom Res. 2010; 69: 511-520https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.10.001
- Effect of low perceived social support on health outcomes in young patients with acute myocardial infarction: results from the VIRGO (Variation in Recovery: role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI Patients) study.J Am Heart Assoc. 2014; 3e001252https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.114.001252
- Testing the performance of the ENRICHD Social Support Instrument in cardiac patients.Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2004; 2: 24https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-2-24
- Enhancing recovery in coronary heart disease (ENRICHD): baseline characteristics.Am J Cardiol. 2001; 88: 316-322https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9149(01)01652-6
- Infant Feeding Practices Study II: study methods.Pediatrics. 2008; 122: S28-S35https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2008-1315c
Questionnaires: breastfeeding and infant feeding practices. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/ifps/questionnaires.htm. Updated August 10, 2021. Accessed December 2, 2021.
- Screening for perinatal depression with the Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-9): a systematic review and meta-analysis.Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2021; 68: 74-82https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2020.12.007
- The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure.J Gen Intern Med. 2001; 16: 606-613https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1497.2001.016009606.x
- Flexible regression models with cubic splines.Stat Med. 1989; 8: 551-561https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.4780080504
- Regression Modeling Strategies : With Applications to Linear Models, Logistic Regression, and Survival Analysis.Springer, New York, NY2001https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-3462-1
- A multivariate technique for multiply imputing missing values using a sequence of regression models.Surv Methodol. 2001; 27: 85-95
- Multiple imputation after 18+ years.J Am Stat Assoc. 1996; 91: 473-489https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1996.10476908
- R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria2021 (Accessed November 23, 2022)
Harrell FE. rms: Regression Modeling Strategies. R package version 6.1-0; 2020.
- Changes in mothers’ intended duration of breastfeeding from the prenatal to neonatal periods.Birth. 2018; 45: 178-183https://doi.org/10.1111/birt.12323
- Are low-income, diverse Mothers Able to meet breastfeeding intentions after 2 months of breastfeeding?.Breastfeed Med. 2020; 15: 435-442https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2020.0025
Prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents: United States, trends 1963–1965 through 2007–2008. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/obesity_child_07_08/obesity_child_07_08.htm. Updated November 6, 2015. Accessed December 1, 2021.
- What will it take to increase breastfeeding?.Matern Child Nutr. 2022; 18: e13371https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13371
- Structural racism and health inequities in the USA: evidence and interventions.Lancet. 2017; 389: 1453-1463https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30569-X
- Breastfeeding and postpartum depression: an overview and methodological recommendations for future research.Depress Res Treat. 2016; 20164765310https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4765310
- Breastfeeding and depression: a systematic review of the literature.J Affect Disord. 2015; 171: 142-154https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2014.09.022