Research Article|Articles in Press

Cardiovascular Disease−Related Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalization among Women with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy

Published:February 28, 2023DOI:


      The risk of developing cardiovascular disease is higher for women who had hypertensive disorders of pregnancy than for women without a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. However, it is unknown whether the emergency department visits and hospitalization differ between women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and women without hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. The objective of this study was to characterize and compare cardiovascular disease−related emergency department visits, hospitalization rates, and diagnoses in women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with those in women without.


      This study included participants from the California Teachers Study (N=58,718) with a history of pregnancy and data from 1995 through 2020. Incidence of cardiovascular disease−related emergency department visits and hospitalizations based on linkages with hospital records were modeled using multivariable negative binomial regression. Data were analyzed in 2022.


      A total of 5% of the women had a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (5.4%, 95% CI=5.2%, 5.6). A total of 31% of women had 1 or more cardiovascular disease−related emergency department visits (30.9%), and 30.1% had 1 or more hospitalizations. The incidence of cardiovascular disease−related emergency department visits (adjusted incident rate ratio=8.96, p<0.001) and hospitalizations (adjusted incident rate ratio=8.88, p<0.001) were significantly higher for women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy than for those without, adjusting for other related characteristics of the women.


      History of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is associated with higher cardiovascular disease−related emergency department visits and hospitalizations. These findings underscore the potential burden on women and the healthcare system of managing complications associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Evaluating and managing cardiovascular disease risk factors in women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is necessary to avoid cardiovascular disease−related emergency department visits and hospitalizations in this group.
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