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Fifty Years of Applied Population-Based Prevention Research at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

      The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is an agency of the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) within the Department of Health and Human Services. On July 1, 1996, CDC formally celebrated its 50th anniversary. CDC was organized as the Communicable Disease Center in Atlanta, Georgia, on July 1, 1946, by Dr. Joseph W. Mountin. Its predecessor organization, Malaria Control in War Areas, had successfully kept the southeastern states malaria-free during World War II and, for approximately 1 year, free from murine typhus. Since 1946, the CDC mission has expanded to include the prevention and control of all diseases and injuries domestically and internationally. Currently, CDC employs nearly 6,000 persons with assignees in all states and in dozens of countries throughout the world. With a budget of more than $2 billion, CDC supports research and public health programs in a broad array of disciplines, such as breast and cervical cancer prevention, emerging infections, and injury control.

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