Black/African American Health Disparities
- In 1993, when the article “Racism, Sexism and Social Class: Implications for Studies of Health, Disease and Well-Being” by Krieger et al.1 was originally published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (AJPM), I was working on my PhD at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health and making the case to often incredulous audiences that it was meaningful to examine the contextual impacts of neighborhood disadvantage on health even if individual-level socioeconomic data were available.
- Thirty years ago, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) held a truly pathbreaking 3-day symposium, by invitation only, that explicitly focused on racism, sexism, social class, and health.1 Titled “Preterm delivery among Black women: The symposium on psychosocial factors” (December 2–5, 1991), this meeting was organized by a visionary group of African American women researchers, led by Diane Rowley, who were based in the Pregnancy and Infant Health Branch in the Division of Reproductive Health in CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (Table 1).
- The Center for Healthy African American Men through Partnerships (CHAAMPS, U54MD 008620), led by investigators at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the University of Minnesota, is a National Transdisciplinary Collaborative Center funded in 2013 by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of NIH. The overarching goal of CHAAMPS is to address health disparities affecting black males. Specifically, CHAAMPS seeks to identify the socioeconomic, behavioral, and biological factors driving and sustaining the pronounced health disparities experienced by black males, specifically targeting unintentional and violence-related injuries, along with chronic diseases—cardiovascular disease, cancer, and stroke.