Health Education and Literacy
Quitline Promotion to Medicaid Members Who Smoke: Effects of COVID-19–Specific Messaging and a Free Patch OfferPeople who smoke are at increased risk of serious COVID-19-related disease but have had reduced access to cessation treatment during the pandemic. This study tested 2 approaches to promoting quitline services to Medicaid members who smoke at high rates: using COVID-19-specific messaging and offering free nicotine patches. The hypotheses were that both would increase enrollment.
Designing Effective Alcohol Warnings: Consumer Reactions to Icons and Health TopicsNew warning labels for alcohol could reduce alcohol-related health harms. This study examined consumer responses to alcohol warnings with different designs.
Longer-Term Efficacy of a Digital Life-Skills Training for Substance Use PreventionThe main objective of this study was to test the longer-term and differential efficacy of a mobile phone‒based life-skills training program designed to prevent substance use among adolescents.
TV Advertising, Corporate Power, and Latino Health DisparitiesThis study identifies mental health, tobacco prevention, alcohol/beer, food/beverage, pharmaceutical, and other health-related advertisements across Spanish- and English-language TV networks owned by the same parent media company in the U.S. as commercial determinants of health disparities for Latino populations and/or viewers of Spanish-language TV.
Oral Nicotine Product Awareness and Use Among People Who Smoke and Vape in the U.S.Tobacco-free oral nicotine products are an emerging class of noncombustible nicotine products. Oral nicotine product sales have increased since 2016, although little research has investigated consumer awareness, use, or correlates of oral nicotine product use. The purpose of this analysis was to assess the prevalence and correlates of oral nicotine product awareness and use.
Health Literacy, Numeracy, and Health Promotion: A Secondary Analysis of the Choosewell 365 Workplace TrialHealth literacy and numeracy are linked to obesity and dietary behaviors. This study investigates whether the effect of a workplace behavioral intervention to prevent weight gain and improve diet differed by employee health literacy and numeracy.
Public Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Clinical Trials in the COVID-19 EraParticipant enrollment in clinical trials is challenged by a multitude of structural-, clinical-, physician-, and individual-level barriers to participation.1 In addition to slow clinical trial accrual, there is often under-representation of racial/ethnic minorities who encounter even greater barriers to participation.2,3 The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has further challenged participant enrollment.4 Nationally representative data on attitudes toward clinical trials are limited.
Awareness of Diabetic Retinopathy: Insight From the National Health and Nutrition Examination SurveyThis study determines the prevalence and associated correlates of people unaware of their diabetic retinopathy diagnosis in the U.S.
Easing Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Hesitancy: A Communication Experiment With U.S. ParentsThe Announcement Approach using presumptive announcements increases human papillomavirus vaccine uptake. This study seeks to understand the impact of the final Announcement Approach steps—easing parents’ vaccine concerns and then encouraging them to get human papillomavirus vaccine for their children—on parents’ human papillomavirus vaccine hesitancy and confidence in the vaccine's benefits.