- Intimate partner violence and sexual violence are widespread and often occur early in life. This systematic review examines the effectiveness of interventions for primary prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual violence among youth.
- Health economic evaluations (e.g., cost-effectiveness analysis) can guide the efficient use of resources to improve health outcomes. This study aims to summarize the content and quality of interpersonal violence prevention economic evaluations.
- This study evaluates the effect of nonexercise interventions on the reduction of risk for musculoskeletal injuries in armed forces.
- The purpose of this systematic literature review was to summarize current evidence from RCTs for the efficacy of interventions involving pediatric health care to prevent poor outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences measured in childhood (C-ACEs).
- Adequate self-management could minimize the impact of falls in older adults. The efficacy of fall prevention self-management interventions has been widely studied, yet little is known about why some older adults engage in fall prevention self-management actions and behaviors, whereas others do not. Through a systematic review of fall prevention self-management studies, this study identified characteristics and the personal, social, and environmental factors of older adults who engage in self-management actions and behaviors.
- The Research Prioritization Task Force of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention conducted a comprehensive literature review of suicide prevention/intervention trials to assess the quality of the scientific evidence.
- On June 2, 2011, the Governor of the state of Florida signed into law “An Act Relating to Privacy of Firearms Owners.”1 The bill reads in part as follows: “inquiries regarding firearm ownership or possession should not be made by licensed health care practitioners or health care facilities.” Medical providers are allowed to make inquiries about firearms if there are concerns for the safety of the patient or others (e.g., if the patient is actively suicidal), but otherwise asking about firearm ownership violates the principle of this new law, including such inquires during a primary care visit, and asking in these settings will “constitute grounds for disciplinary action.” This bill limits physicians' ability to inquire about unsafe firearm storage and use, which are important behavioral risk factors for injury and death.
- A systematic review of the literature to assess the effectiveness of ignition interlocks for reducing alcohol-impaired driving and alcohol-related crashes was conducted for the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). Because one of the primary research issues of interest—the degree to which the installation of interlocks in offenders' vehicles reduces alcohol-impaired driving in comparison to alternative sanctions (primarily license suspension)—was addressed by a 2004 systematic review conducted for the Cochrane Collaboration, the current review incorporates that previous work and extends it to include more recent literature and crash outcomes.