- Each and every day in the U.S., more than 160 people die as a result of violence due to homicides and suicides.1 These violent deaths constitute an urgent public health problem. Homicide and suicide, taken together, were the fourth leading cause of years of potential life lost in the U.S. in 2014.2 Each year, more than 55,000 people die in the U.S. as a result of violence-related injuries.3 In 2014, suicide was the tenth leading cause of death, claiming more than 42,000 lives1 and resulting in an economic cost estimated to be $53.2 billion, largely associated with lost work productivity.
- Accurately identifying youth at highest risk of firearm violence involvement could permit delivery of focused, comprehensive prevention services. This study explored whether readily available city and state administrative data covering life events before youth firearm violence could elucidate patterns preceding such violence.
- This issue of American Journal of Preventive Medicine includes an important paper describing the findings of the WHO’s “Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.”1 This is a timely, seminal report that addresses, for the first time, a critical gap in the information needed to monitor and support the prevention of interpersonal violence worldwide: that is, country-level information on efforts to respond to and prevent interpersonal violence. This report is notable for several reasons.
- The CDC Expert Panel on Protective Factors for Youth Violence Perpetration was convened to review and advance the status of etiologic and prevention research on direct protective and buffering protective factors for youth violence perpetration. The current paper introduces Phase One of the panel's work, which focuses on direct protective factors and includes the papers in this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. This paper provides the context for the panel's work, describes its practical and theoretic importance, and summarizes why independently defined direct protective factors and risk factors are important for the advancement of our understanding of youth violence and its prevention.