- Inequities in social determinants of health are plausible contributors to worse health of sexual minorities relative to heterosexuals. Sexual minorities may have higher rates of housing, food, and financial insecurity as adults owing to adverse childhood experiences or policies that induce social disadvantage. This study compares the prevalence of 3 types of social determinants of health among sexual minority and heterosexual adults.
- Despite a growing body of literature demonstrating higher prevalence of body dissatisfaction and eating disorders in sexual and gender minorities (SGMs), interventions tailored to address these problems in SGM youth are lacking.1–3 As with many other behavioral and physical health disparities in SGM populations, disordered eating and shape control may occur in response to common experiences of discrimination and stigma based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and are influenced by sociocultural norms.
- Hispanics/Latinos (henceforth, Latinos) are the largest minority group in the U.S. With growing health disparities among this group, the highest burden remains among sexual and gender minority Latinos. Differences regarding sexual orientation have not been fully explored within this group using national representative samples. This study analyzed sexual and behavioral health disparities associated with sexual minority status among Latinos in the U.S.
- Early sexual debut, sexual risk taking, substance use, violent victimization, and suicidal behaviors are more prevalent among sexual minority than sexual nonminority youth. Although associations between early sexual debut and these risk behaviors exist, little is known about such associations among sexual minority youth. This study examined these associations among sexual minority U.S. high school students and their sexual nonminority peers.
- Federal regulations (45 CFR 46) created IRBs to protect the rights and welfare of human research participants. Like overprotective parents whose short-term precautions have the unintended long-term consequence of depriving their children of the opportunity to develop skills necessary to be independent adults, IRBs are complicit in the creation of health inequities when their disapproval of studies systematically prevent some communities from having the opportunity to receive the benefits of research.
- In July of 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (Truvada) to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of HIV among uninfected individuals at high risk of infection. The approval for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was based on two large, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, one in HIV-negative men and transgender women who have sex with men, and one in heterosexual HIV-discordant couples.1,2
- Do we have effective HIV-prevention interventions for Latino gay men? Where are they? What do they look like? These are some of the major questions raised by the article in this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.1 The purpose of this article, and the recommendations derived from it, is to synthesize the most effective behavioral interventions to prevent HIV infection among adult gay men and men who have sex with men (MSM).a The report is a critical contribution to the field, as it covers over 20 years of prevention research around the globe.
- The systematic review by Herbst and colleagues1 in this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine shows that theory-based AIDS prevention programs can reduce risk for HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM) and so save lives. The literature summarized in the Herbst et al.2,3 review—supported by a set of independent meta-analyses—demonstrates that if the prevention efforts described in this review were given widespread use they could become important tools in the AIDS prevention armamentarium.
- Early in the HIV epidemic, journalism chronicled the disastrous consequences of the epidemic in the American white gay community in the book And the Band Played On.1 It is highly likely that medical history may repeat itself as similar devastating outcomes occur among black men who have sex with men (MSM). Black MSM have the highest rates of unrecognized HIV infection,2,3 highest HIV prevalence and incidence rates,4–8 and highest AIDS mortality rates9 among MSM in the United States. There has been ample warning of the current epidemic among black MSM.