- A 2009 systematic review synthesized data between 1987 and 2007 and revealed a higher prevalence of smoking among sexual minority populations than among heterosexuals. Subsequently, growing attention to tobacco use among sexual minority populations has spurred more literature on this issue because higher tobacco use prevalence has been found in certain sexual minority subgroups relative to others. However, a population-level synthesis of tobacco use prevalence by sexual minority subgroup has not been done for the past decade.
- During the past few years, much has been learned about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) of HIV from studies conducted in the U.S. and elsewhere. A review and summary was conducted of articles and reports published through August 2012 on the safety and efficacy of PrEP in humans; U.S.-based studies assessing PrEP knowledge, attitudes, and use among at-risk populations and healthcare providers; and models of the cost effectiveness of PrEP. PrEP is generally safe and effective and may be cost effective in a targeted population.
- Tobacco use has been found to be more prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults than among the general population, but there is little information about LGBT youth. This study examined tobacco use in relation to sexual identity in a community venue-based sample of youth.
- Men who have sex with men (MSM) are the people most affected by the HIV epidemic in the United States1,2 as well as Canada,3 the United Kingdom,4,5 Australia,6,7 New Zealand,8 and countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.9,10 In 2004, almost two of three newly diagnosed AIDS cases among U.S. men were among men infected through sexual contact with other men11; nearly half of all newly diagnosed HIV infections among men in 19 Western European countries resulted from homosexual or bisexual contact.
- Hepatitis A is one of the most commonly reported, vaccine-preventable diseases in the United States. Many cases occur in association with community-wide outbreaks, but societal costs to the community are seldom documented.
- Objectives: To collect estimates of smoking prevalence among lesbian, gay, and bisexual people from the published literature and to compare with general population estimates. Methods: Databases were searched for all studies published in English on tobacco use among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals. From 1987 through 2000, twelve studies were identified (four youth, eight adult): seven were based on convenience samples; one on a population-based probability sample; one involved random sampling within selected census tracts; one was based on a large multicenter clinical trial; and two were representative school-based samples.