- Given mixed findings regarding the relationship between long-acting reversible contraception and condom use, this systematic review and meta-analysis synthesizes studies comparing sexually transmitted infection‒related outcomes between users of long-acting reversible contraception (intrauterine devices, implants) and users of moderately effective contraceptive methods (oral contraceptives, injectables, patches, rings).
- Preventing unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, are public health priorities in the U.S.1 Recognizing that both outcomes are related to sexual behavior, experts have called for integration of these prevention efforts.2,3 Yet, integrating unintended pregnancy and STI/HIV prevention is challenging, partly because the most effective contraceptive options for preventing pregnancy provide no protection against STIs/HIV. Although condoms can be 98% effective at preventing pregnancy when used correctly and consistently,4 recent estimates indicate with typical use they are associated with a 13% pregnancy rate during the first year.
- This systematic review evaluated the evidence on the impact of family planning reminder systems—interventions intended to remind patients of behaviors to achieve reproductive health goals (e.g., daily text messages reminding oral contraceptive [OC] users to take a pill)—to provide information to guide national recommendations on quality family planning services.
- “Youth-friendly” family planning services, services tailored to meet the particular sexual and reproductive health needs of young people (aged 10–24 years), may improve reproductive health outcomes, including reduction of unintended pregnancy. The objectives of this systematic review were to summarize the evidence of the effect of youth-friendly family planning services on reproductive health outcomes and to describe key characteristics of youth-friendly family planning interventions. The review, conducted in 2011, was used to inform national recommendations on quality family planning services.
- This systematic review evaluated the evidence on the impact of contraceptive counseling provided in clinical settings on reproductive health outcomes to provide information to guide national recommendations on quality family planning services.