- Widespread vaccination is the most promising way to control the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Unfortunately, U.S. vaccination rates have stagnated. The rates are particularly low among racial/ethnic minority groups1 and rural residents.2 Although much of the discussion about low vaccination centers on person-level factors, the role of healthcare system factors is not well understood. An important system factor is the availability of primary care physicians, who play an integral role in counseling patients regarding the risks and benefits of vaccination.
- Previous research has found COVID-19 cases to be disproportionately prevalent among U.S. prisoners. Similar to prisoners, prison staff experience ventilation and social distancing hazards and may have limited access to testing, paid sick leave, personal protective equipment, and other workplace protections. Yet, systematic case surveillance among prison staff remains unexplored. The objective of this study is to document the trends in COVID-19 cases among U.S. correctional staff relative to those among prisoners and the U.S.
- Considerable public debate has emerged regarding the importance of wearing masks to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and thus whether they should be required in workplaces. Recognizing the precedents for constraining individual behavior within workplaces, this article draws parallels to smoking bans and argues that mask requirements should be considered fundamental occupational health protections. As with smoking in confined spaces dispersing environmental tobacco smoke, maskless patrons exacerbate the risks for workers through the diffusion of respiratory droplets.
- Outbreaks of pertussis can occur in healthcare settings. Vaccinating healthcare personnel may be helpful in protecting healthcare personnel from pertussis and potentially limiting spread to others in healthcare settings.
- The high prevalence of overweight and obesity threatens the health and safety of the fire service. Healthcare professionals may play an important role in helping firefighters achieve a healthy weight by providing weight loss counseling to at-risk firefighters. This study characterizes the impact of healthcare professional weight loss advice on firefighter weight perceptions and weight loss behaviors among overweight and obese male firefighters.
- Prolonged sitting is prevalent in the workplace and is associated with adverse health markers.
- Sitting time is a prevalent health risk among office-based workers.