Substance Use Disorders
- With a rapid increase in prescription opioid overdose deaths and a proliferation of pain clinics in the mid-2000s, Florida emerged as an epicenter of the opioid overdose epidemic. In response, Florida implemented pain clinic laws and operationalized its Prescription Drug Monitoring Program. This study examines the effect of these policies on rates of inpatient stays and emergency department visits for opioid-related overdoses.
- Concurrent prescribing of opioids and benzodiazepines is discouraged by evidence-based clinical guidelines because of the known risks of taking these medications in combination.
- Prescription opioids were responsible for approximately 17,000 deaths in the U.S. in 2016. One in five prescription opioid deaths also involve alcohol. Drinkers who misuse prescription opioids (i.e., use without a prescription or use only for the experience or feeling it causes) are at a heightened risk of overdose. However, little is known about the relationship between drinking patterns and prescription opioid misuse.
- Prescription opioids were involved in 17,087 deaths in 2016.1 Despite recent declines, opioid prescribing remains high and varies substantially across the country,2 and by specialty.3,4 However, little is known about current prescribing patterns across specialty groups. This study analyzes opioid prescribing by specialty and volume using the most recent national-level data.
- In 2015, opioid-involved overdoses accounted for 33,091 deaths in the U.S., 12,989 of which involved heroin.1 In addition to overdose deaths, many more individuals suffer nonfatal overdoses.2 No recent study has examined trends in opioid overdoses treated in hospital emergency departments (ED) separately for non-heroin opioids and heroin. This study analyzes trends and the associated direct medical costs for such ED visits.